Discover Trinidad and Tobago in North America

Trinidad and Tobago with its capital Port of Spain is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 5,129 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Delaware) with 1,047,000 citizens. English, , French, Spanish and Chinese are the official languages spoken in Trinidad and Tobago (consider regional differences). This country shares no land borders with another country.

Trinidad and Tobago is a nation consisting primarily of two Caribbean islands just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Popular beaches in Trinidad are Maracas, Tyrico, Las Cuevas, Toco, Mayaro, Chagville, Los Iros and Quinam. Most of the beaches on the North coast are beautiful, with powdery sand and clear blue water. The annual festival of Carnival is one of the most famous things about Trinidad and Tobago.There are many beautiful dances and a lot of celebrating around this time. Every year on the Sunday, Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday and the season of Lent, thousands of costumed revelers parade on the streets in an annual street party dubbed The Greatest Show On Earth.

Pictures from the Trinidadian/Tobagonian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Port of Spain is like. We have selected more pictures from Port of Spain on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

The landscape features mostly plains with some hills and low mountains. The average density of population is about 204 per km². The climate in Trinidad and Tobago can be described as tropical with rainy season (June to December). Potential threats by nature are outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone in Trinidad and Tobago dial +1-868 prior to a number. There are 314,800 installed telephones. And there are 1,970,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".tt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 115V - 60Hz.

Description of the flag of Trinidad and Tobago

Red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side; the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people.

National administrative regions of Trinidad and Tobago

Historical background information

First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands'' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.

Demographic Information

Trinidad and Tobago has 34 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 30 of this count (which is 88%). 83,152 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 7% of the total population). 14.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Trinidadian/Tobagonian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Trinidad and Tobago

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Port of Spain
Size 5,128 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,980 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Delaware
Population 1,047,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: TTD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tt
Telephone Country Prefix +1-868
Mobile Phone Connections 1,970,000
Landline Phone Connections 314,800
Military Spendings 0.3% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 5,128 (sq km) 174

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 1,225,225 158
Population growth rate -0.09 (%) 203
Birth rate 14.07 (births/1,000 population) 143
Death rate 8.42 (deaths/1,000 population) 84
Net migration rate -6.59 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 197
Maternal mortality rate 46.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 112
Infant mortality rate 25.74 (deaths/1,000 live births) 73
Life expectancy at birth 71.96 (years) 137
Total fertility rate 1.71 (children born/woman) 169
Health expenditures 5.70 (% of GDP) 117
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.50 (%) 35
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 15,000 85
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 79
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29.30 (%) 31
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.40 (%) 94
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 10.5 (%) 105


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 27,140,000,000 115
GDP - real growth rate 0.40 (%) 172
GDP - per capita (PPP) 20,400 70
Labor force 616,500 156
Unemployment rate 6.30 (%) 63
Investment (gross fixed) 15.90 (% of GDP) 133
Taxes and other revenues 30.5 (% of GDP) 89
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.50 (% of GDP) 94
Public debt 46.60 (% of GDP) 74
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.70 (%) 190
Central bank discount rate 7.25 (%) 36
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.99 (%) 117
Stock of narrow money 5,653,000,000 97
Stock of broad money 17,280,000,000 91
Stock of domestic credit 6,417,000,000 113
Market value of publicly traded shares 12,160,000,000 69
Industrial production growth rate 2.10 (%) 112
Current account balance 2,677,000,000 36
Exports 12,720,000,000 84
Imports 9,362,000,000 101
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 10,650,000,000 72
Debt - external 4,780,000,000 119
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 102,000,000,000 39
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 3,829,000,000 66


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 7,271,000,000 (kWh) 103
Electricity - consumption 7,102,000,000 (kWh) 100
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1429000 (kW) 114
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 54
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.3 (% of total installed capacity) 85
Crude oil - production 135,900 (bbl/day) 46
Crude oil - exports 55,240 (bbl/day) 45
Crude oil - imports 56,540 (bbl/day) 54
Crude oil - proved reserves 728300000 (bbl) 44
Refined petroleum products - production 165,100 (bbl/day) 62
Refined petroleum products - consumption 41,000 (bbl/day) 107
Refined petroleum products - exports 148,600 (bbl/day) 38
Refined petroleum products - imports 242 (bbl/day) 206
Natural gas - production 42,460,000,000 (cu m) 25
Natural gas - consumption 22,080,000,000 (cu m) 34
Natural gas - exports 20,380,000,000 (cu m) 16
Natural gas - proved reserves 381,100,000,000 (cu m) 36
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 49,930,000 (Mt) 62


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 292,000 117
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,825,000 143
Internet hosts 241,690 69
Internet users 593,000 115


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 5 181
Roadways 8,320 (km) 139
Merchant marine 4 131


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.60 (% of GDP) 155

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.