Explore Trinidad and Tobago in North America

Trinidad and Tobago
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Trinidad and Tobago with its capital Port of Spain is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 5,129 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Delaware) with 1,047,000 citizens. English, , French, Spanish and Chinese are the official languages spoken in Trinidad and Tobago (consider regional differences).

Trinidad and Tobago is a nation consisting primarily of two Caribbean islands just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Popular beaches in Trinidad are Maracas, Tyrico, Las Cuevas, Toco, Mayaro, Chagville, Los Iros and Quinam. Most of the beaches on the North coast are beautiful, with powdery sand and clear blue water. The annual festival of Carnival is one of the most famous things about Trinidad and Tobago.There are many beautiful dances and a lot of celebrating around this time. Every year on the Sunday, Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday and the season of Lent, thousands of costumed revelers parade on the streets in an annual street party dubbed The Greatest Show On Earth.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The landscape features mostly plains with some hills and low mountains. The average density of population is about 204 per km². The climate in Trinidad and Tobago can be described as tropical with rainy season (June to December). Potential threats by nature are outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone in Trinidad and Tobago dial +1-868 prior to a number. There are 314,800 installed telephones. And there are 1,970,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".tt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 115V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Trinidadian/Tobagonian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Trinidad and Tobago

Red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side; the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people.

National administrative regions of Trinidad and Tobago

Historical background information

First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands'' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.

Learn more on our Trinidadian/Tobagonian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.