Discover Thailand in Asia

Thailand with its capital Bangkok is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand). It covers some 514,001 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming) with 65,493,000 citizens. Thai and English are the official languages used in Thailand. Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Malaysia are bordering countries.


Pictures from the Thai capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Bangkok is like. We have selected more pictures from Bangkok on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Thailand Tourism

1600 New Phetburi Road
Makkasan, Rachathewi
Bangkok 10310

Phone: +66 2 250 5500
Phone: +66 2 250 5511

The topography features central plain with Khorat Plateau in the east and mountains elsewhere. The average density of population is about 127 per km². The climate in Thailand can be described as tropical with rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September), dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March), southern isthmus always hot and humid. Potential natural disasters are land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table or droughts.

To reach someone in Thailand dial +66 prior to a number. There are 7,024,000 installed telephones. And there are 83,057,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800, 1900 MHz and 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".th". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Thailand

Five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red; the red color symbolizes the nation and the blood of life; white represents religion and the purity of Buddhism; blue stands for the monarchy
note: similar to the flag of Costa Rica but with the blue and red colors reversed.

National administrative regions of Thailand

Historical background information

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the United States in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Demonstrations in 2010 culminated with clashes between security forces and pro-THAKSIN protesters, elements of which were armed, and resulted in at least 92 deaths and an estimated $1.5 billion in arson-related property losses. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. YINGLAK''s leadership was almost immediately challenged by historic flooding in late 2011 that had large swathes of the country underwater and threatened to inundate Bangkok itself. Throughout 2012 the Puea Thai-led government struggled with the opposition Democrat Party to fulfill some of its main election promises, including constitutional reform and political reconciliation. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in Thailand''s southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces.

Demographic Information

Thailand has 1,492 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 1,189 of this count (which is 80%). 4,359,180 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 7% of the total population). 13.2 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Thai Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Thailand

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Malaysia
Capital: Bangkok
Size 514,000 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 198,457 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming
Population 65,493,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Baht, Currency Code: THB
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .th
Telephone Country Prefix +66
Mobile Phone Connections 83,057,000
Landline Phone Connections 7,024,000
Military Spendings 1.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 513,120 (sq km) 51

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 67,448,120 20
Population growth rate 0.52 (%) 150
Birth rate 12.66 (births/1,000 population) 156
Death rate 7.47 (deaths/1,000 population) 115
Maternal mortality rate 48.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 110
Infant mortality rate 15.41 (deaths/1,000 live births) 107
Life expectancy at birth 74.05 (years) 115
Total fertility rate 1.66 (children born/woman) 175
Health expenditures 3.90 (% of GDP) 169
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.30 (%) 39
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 530,000 15
HIV/AIDS - deaths 28,000 13
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 8.80 (%) 135
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 7.00 (%) 76
Education expenditures 3.80 (% of GDP) 119
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 2.7 (%) 140


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 662,600,000,000 25
GDP - real growth rate 6.40 (%) 38
GDP - per capita (PPP) 10,300 116
Labor force 39,770,000 16
Unemployment rate 0.60 (%) 4
Distribution of family income - Gini index 54 12
Investment (gross fixed) 28.80 (% of GDP) 25
Taxes and other revenues 17.4 (% of GDP) 181
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.50 (% of GDP) 123
Public debt 43.30 (% of GDP) 82
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.00 (%) 77
Central bank discount rate 3.25 (%) 100
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.25 (%) 124
Stock of narrow money 52,210,000,000 47
Stock of broad money 488,700,000,000 22
Stock of domestic credit 420,400,000,000 28
Market value of publicly traded shares 230,900,000,000 32
Industrial production growth rate 2.50 (%) 105
Current account balance -2,728,000,000 147
Exports 226,200,000,000 26
Imports 213,700,000,000 25
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 181,600,000,000 15
Debt - external 133,700,000,000 41
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 159,200,000,000 28
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 51,590,000,000 36


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 173,300,000,000 (kWh) 25
Electricity - consumption 169,400,000,000 (kWh) 23
Electricity - exports 1,535,000,000 (kWh) 47
Electricity - imports 9,575,000,000 (kWh) 24
Electricity - installed generating capacity 32600000 (kW) 26
Electricity - from fossil fuels 89.0 (% of total installed capacity) 77
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 10.9 (% of total installed capacity) 114
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.2 (% of total installed capacity) 88
Crude oil - production 213,000 (bbl/day) 40
Crude oil - exports 32,200 (bbl/day) 51
Crude oil - imports 793,900 (bbl/day) 15
Crude oil - proved reserves 442000000 (bbl) 53
Refined petroleum products - production 913,600 (bbl/day) 24
Refined petroleum products - consumption 721,100 (bbl/day) 26
Refined petroleum products - exports 192,400 (bbl/day) 34
Refined petroleum products - imports 41,700 (bbl/day) 74
Natural gas - production 28,210,000,000 (cu m) 31
Natural gas - consumption 45,080,000,000 (cu m) 21
Natural gas - imports 8,810,000,000 (cu m) 27
Natural gas - proved reserves 299,800,000,000 (cu m) 40
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 278,500,000 (Mt) 22


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 6,661,000 28
Telephones - mobile cellular 77,605,000 18
Internet hosts 3,399,000 31
Internet users 17,483,000 23


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 103 55
Railways 4,071 (km) 42
Roadways 180,053 (km) 27
Waterways 4,000 (km) 27
Merchant marine 363 28


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.80 (% of GDP) 77

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.