Explore Thailand in Asia

Thailand
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Thailand with its capital Bangkok is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand). It covers some 514,001 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming) with 65,493,000 citizens. Thai and English are the the official languages used in Thailand. Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Malaysia are bordering countries.

Thailand

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Pictures from the Thai capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Bangkok is like. We have selected more pictures from Bangkok on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Website: Thailand Tourism

1600 New Phetburi Road
Makkasan, Rachathewi
Bangkok 10310
Thailand

Phone: +66 2 250 5500
Phone: +66 2 250 5511

The topography features central plain with Khorat Plateau in the east and mountains elsewhere. The average density of population is about 127 per km². The climate in Thailand can be described as tropical with rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September), dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March), southern isthmus always hot and humid. Potential natural disasters are land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table or droughts.

To reach someone in Thailand dial +66 prior to a number. There are 7,024,000 installed telephones. And there are 83,057,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800, 1900 MHz and 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".th". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Thai Facts page.

Description of the flag of Thailand

Five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red; the red color symbolizes the nation and the blood of life; white represents religion and the purity of Buddhism; blue stands for the monarchy
note: similar to the flag of Costa Rica but with the blue and red colors reversed.

National administrative regions of Thailand

Historical background information

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the United States in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Demonstrations in 2010 culminated with clashes between security forces and pro-THAKSIN protesters, elements of which were armed, and resulted in at least 92 deaths and an estimated $1.5 billion in arson-related property losses. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. YINGLAK''s leadership was almost immediately challenged by historic flooding in late 2011 that had large swathes of the country underwater and threatened to inundate Bangkok itself. Throughout 2012 the Puea Thai-led government struggled with the opposition Democrat Party to fulfill some of its main election promises, including constitutional reform and political reconciliation. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in Thailand''s southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces.

Learn more on our Thai Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.