Explore Solomon Islands in Oceania

Solomon Islands
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Solomon Islands with its capital Honiara is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 28,451 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 581,000 citizens. English is the language commonly used in Solomon Islands.

Solomon Islandsare a South Pacific archipelago east of Papua New Guinea. The Solomon Islands is a wide island nation and the distance between the westernmost and easternmost islands is about 1,500km (930 mi). The islands' ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of 27 °C (80 °F) and few extremes of temperature or weather. The Solomon Islands archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial ecoregions. Most of the islands are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion. These forests have come under great pressure from forestry activities.

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Pictures from the Solomon Islander capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Honiara is like. We have selected more pictures from Honiara on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

P.O.Box 321
Honiara
Solomon Islands

Phone: +677 22442
Phone: +677 23986

The landscape features mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls. The average density of population is about 20 per km². The climate in Solomon Islands can be described as tropical monsoon with few extremes of temperature and weather. Potential threats by nature are typhoons, but rarely destructive or geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity or tsunamis.

To reach someone in Solomon Islands dial +677 prior to a number. There are 8,200 installed telephones. And there are 30,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sb". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Solomon Islander Facts page.

Description of the flag of Solomon Islands

Divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green; blue represents the ocean; green the land; and yellow sunshine; the five stars stand for the five main island groups of the Solomon Islands.

National administrative regions of Solomon Islands

Historical background information

The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.

Learn more on our Solomon Islander Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.