Discover Solomon Islands in Oceania

Solomon Islands with its capital Honiara is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 28,451 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 581,000 citizens. English is the language commonly used in Solomon Islands.This country shares no land borders with another country.

Solomon Islandsare a South Pacific archipelago east of Papua New Guinea. The Solomon Islands is a wide island nation and the distance between the westernmost and easternmost islands is about 1,500km (930 mi). The islands' ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of 27 °C (80 °F) and few extremes of temperature or weather. The Solomon Islands archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial ecoregions. Most of the islands are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion. These forests have come under great pressure from forestry activities.

Pictures from the Solomon Islander capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Honiara is like. We have selected more pictures from Honiara on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

P.O.Box 321
Honiara
Solomon Islands

Phone: +677 22442
Phone: +677 23986

The landscape features mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls. The average density of population is about 20 per km². The climate in Solomon Islands can be described as tropical monsoon with few extremes of temperature and weather. Potential threats by nature are typhoons, but rarely destructive or geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity or tsunamis.

To reach someone in Solomon Islands dial +677 prior to a number. There are 8,200 installed telephones. And there are 30,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sb". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.


Description of the flag of Solomon Islands

Divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green; blue represents the ocean; green the land; and yellow sunshine; the five stars stand for the five main island groups of the Solomon Islands.


National administrative regions of Solomon Islands


Historical background information

The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.

Demographic Information

Solomon Islands has 6 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 4 of this count (which is 67%). 80,874 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 13% of the total population). 26.9 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Solomon Islander Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Solomon Islands

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Honiara
Size 28,450 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,985 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
Population 581,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: SBD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .sb
Telephone Country Prefix +677
Mobile Phone Connections 30,000
Landline Phone Connections 8,200
Military Spendings 3% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 28,896 (sq km) 144

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 597,248 168
Population growth rate 2.12 (%) 45
Birth rate 26.90 (births/1,000 population) 47
Death rate 3.88 (deaths/1,000 population) 208
Net migration rate -1.82 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 158
Maternal mortality rate 93.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 77
Infant mortality rate 16.70 (deaths/1,000 live births) 102
Life expectancy at birth 74.66 (years) 107
Total fertility rate 3.44 (children born/woman) 49
Health expenditures 8.60 (% of GDP) 51
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 30.00 (%) 27
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 11.50 (%) 64
Education expenditures 7.30 (% of GDP) 19

Economy

Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,922,000,000 194
GDP - real growth rate 5.50 (%) 53
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,400 175
Labor force 202,500 170
Taxes and other revenues 33.6 (% of GDP) 75
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 5.40 (% of GDP) 13
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.00 (%) 109
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.17 (%) 64
Stock of narrow money 283,400,000 174
Stock of broad money 386,400,000 183
Stock of domestic credit 54,470,000 189
Current account balance -372,600,000 89
Exports 226,500,000 182
Imports 360,300,000 194
Debt - external 166,000,000 187

Energy

Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 82,000,000 (kWh) 201
Electricity - consumption 76,260,000 (kWh) 201
Electricity - installed generating capacity 14000 (kW) 197
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 8
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,728 (bbl/day) 193
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,433 (bbl/day) 187
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 359,000 (Mt) 184

Communications

Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 8,400 203
Telephones - mobile cellular 274,900 174
Internet hosts 4,370 148
Internet users 10,000 201

Transportation

Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 36 111
Roadways 1,360 (km) 177

Military

Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.70 (% of GDP) 28

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.