Explore Portugal in Europe

Portugal
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Portugal with its capital Lisbon is located in Europe (Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 92,392 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Indiana) with 10,676,000 citizens. Portuguese is the language commonly used in Portugal. Spain is a bordering country.

Portugalin Southern Europe, shares the Iberian peninsula at the western tip of Europe with Spain. Geographically and culturally somewhat isolated from its neighbor, Portugal has a rich, unique culture, lively cities and beautiful countryside. Portugal is one of the warmest European countries. In mainland Portugal, yearly temperature averages are about 15°C (55°F) in the north and 18°C (64°F) in the south. Surrounded by sea in almost its entirety, the Portuguese beaches are well worth visiting. A lot of activities are offered, from surfing, to kite-surfing, and during the summer months the most frequented beaches offer sand based activities such as aerobics. If you're not the type of breaking into a sweat during holidays, almost every single public beach will have a bar where locals sit. There are several Fairs, specially in the Summer months, particularly in Northern Portugal. During the summer, music festivals are also very common. In the north of the country two of the oldest festivals such as Paredes de Coura and Vilar de Mouros.

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Pictures from the Portuguese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Lisbon is like. We have selected more pictures from Lisbon on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Portugal Tourism

Av. 5 de Outubro, 18
8001-902 Faro
Portugal

Phone: +351 289 800 400
Phone: +351 289 800 489

The landscape features mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south. The average density of population is about 116 per km². The climate in Portugal can be described as maritime temperate with cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south. Potential threats by nature are Azores subject to severe earthquakes.

To reach someone in Portugal dial +351 prior to a number. There are 4,049,000 installed telephones. And there are 15,178,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".pt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Portuguese Facts page.

Description of the flag of Portugal

Two vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) with the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) centered on the dividing line; explanations for the color meanings are ambiguous, but a popular interpretation has green symbolizing hope and red the blood of those defending the nation.

National administrative regions of Portugal

Historical background information

Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

Learn more on our Portuguese Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.