Discover Portugal in Europe

Portugal with its capital Lisbon is located in Europe (Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 92,392 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Indiana) with 10,676,000 citizens. Portuguese is the language commonly used in Portugal. Interesting info Spain is the only bordering country.

Portugalin Southern Europe, shares the Iberian peninsula at the western tip of Europe with Spain. Geographically and culturally somewhat isolated from its neighbor, Portugal has a rich, unique culture, lively cities and beautiful countryside. Portugal is one of the warmest European countries. In mainland Portugal, yearly temperature averages are about 15°C (55°F) in the north and 18°C (64°F) in the south. Surrounded by sea in almost its entirety, the Portuguese beaches are well worth visiting. A lot of activities are offered, from surfing, to kite-surfing, and during the summer months the most frequented beaches offer sand based activities such as aerobics. If you're not the type of breaking into a sweat during holidays, almost every single public beach will have a bar where locals sit. There are several Fairs, specially in the Summer months, particularly in Northern Portugal. During the summer, music festivals are also very common. In the north of the country two of the oldest festivals such as Paredes de Coura and Vilar de Mouros.

Pictures from the Portuguese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Lisbon is like. We have selected more pictures from Lisbon on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Portugal Tourism

Av. 5 de Outubro, 18
8001-902 Faro

Phone: +351 289 800 400
Phone: +351 289 800 489

The landscape features mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south. The average density of population is about 116 per km². The climate in Portugal can be described as maritime temperate with cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south. Potential threats by nature are Azores subject to severe earthquakes.

To reach someone in Portugal dial +351 prior to a number. There are 4,049,000 installed telephones. And there are 15,178,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".pt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Portugal

Two vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) with the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) centered on the dividing line; explanations for the color meanings are ambiguous, but a popular interpretation has green symbolizing hope and red the blood of those defending the nation.

National administrative regions of Portugal

Historical background information

Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

Demographic Information

Portugal has 1,960 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 1,471 of this count (which is 75%). 562,416 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 5% of the total population). 10.1 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Portuguese Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Portugal

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Spain
Capital: Lisbon
Size 92,391 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 35,672 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Indiana
Population 10,676,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .pt
Telephone Country Prefix +351
Mobile Phone Connections 15,178,000
Landline Phone Connections 4,049,000
Military Spendings 2.3% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 92,090 (sq km) 111

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 10,799,270 80
Population growth rate 0.15 (%) 179
Birth rate 9.59 (births/1,000 population) 199
Death rate 10.91 (deaths/1,000 population) 40
Net migration rate 2.82 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 31
Maternal mortality rate 8.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 163
Infant mortality rate 4.54 (deaths/1,000 live births) 188
Life expectancy at birth 78.85 (years) 49
Total fertility rate 1.51 (children born/woman) 189
Health expenditures 11.00 (% of GDP) 20
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.60 (%) 63
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 42,000 60
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 82
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.00 (%) 69
Education expenditures 5.80 (% of GDP) 46
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 30.1 (%) 23


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 250,600,000,000 52
GDP - real growth rate -3.20 (%) 213
GDP - per capita (PPP) 23,800 65
Labor force 5,480,000 73
Unemployment rate 15.30 (%) 148
Distribution of family income - Gini index 39 71
Investment (gross fixed) 16.10 (% of GDP) 131
Taxes and other revenues 44.5 (% of GDP) 28
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.00 (% of GDP) 172
Public debt 119.70 (% of GDP) 9
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.90 (%) 73
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 124
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.71 (%) 146
Stock of narrow money 86,550,000,000 38
Stock of broad money 298,300,000,000 31
Stock of domestic credit 390,400,000,000 31
Market value of publicly traded shares 82,000,000,000 46
Industrial production growth rate -2.00 (%) 156
Current account balance -6,000,000,000 168
Exports 57,800,000,000 57
Imports 67,030,000,000 46
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 21,340,000,000 56
Debt - external 508,300,000,000 26
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 128,200,000,000 31
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 64,250,000,000 32


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 50,300,000,000 (kWh) 52
Electricity - consumption 47,810,000,000 (kWh) 47
Electricity - exports 3,191,000,000 (kWh) 36
Electricity - imports 5,814,000,000 (kWh) 35
Electricity - installed generating capacity 17390000 (kW) 42
Electricity - from fossil fuels 48.3 (% of total installed capacity) 160
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 23.3 (% of total installed capacity) 84
Electricity - from other renewable sources 22.5 (% of total installed capacity) 5
Crude oil - production 1,926 (bbl/day) 94
Crude oil - imports 205,400 (bbl/day) 33
Refined petroleum products - production 237,000 (bbl/day) 52
Refined petroleum products - consumption 259,700 (bbl/day) 49
Refined petroleum products - exports 49,650 (bbl/day) 59
Refined petroleum products - imports 83,520 (bbl/day) 53
Natural gas - consumption 5,212,000,000 (cu m) 59
Natural gas - imports 5,181,000,000 (cu m) 33
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 51,430,000 (Mt) 60


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 4,530,000 36
Telephones - mobile cellular 12,335,000 64
Internet hosts 3,748,000 28
Internet users 5,168,000 45


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 65 77
Railways 3,319 (km) 53
Roadways 82,900 (km) 54
Waterways 210 (km) 96
Merchant marine 109 48


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.30 (% of GDP) 60

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.