Explore Panama in North America

Panama
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Panama with its capital Panama City is located in North America (Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 78,201 square kilometres (slightly smaller than South Carolina) with 3,292,000 citizens. Spanish and English are the the languages commonly used by the people in Panama. It is charing borders with Costa Rica and Colombia.

Panamais a country in Central America with coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, with Colombia (and South America) to the southeast and Costa Rica (and North America) to the northwest. The ease of travel and wide array of experiences are making Panama one of the most attractive emerging tourism destinations in the world. In just one week, visitors can enjoy two different oceans, experience the mountains and rainforest, learn about native cultures and take advantage of vibrant urban life. The capital, Panama City, is a modern, sophisticated metropolis that resembles Miami and has established commerce, arts, fashion and dining. Fodors, Frommers and National Geographic have all recently began publishing guides for Panama, only the second country in Central America, behind Costa Rica, to have such extensive travel coverage.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Website: Panama Tourism

P.O. Box 4421
Zone 5
The Republic of Panama

Phone: +507 226 7000
Phone: +507 226 3483

The landscape features interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains and coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills. The average density of population is about 42 per km². The climate in Panama can be described as tropical maritime with hot, humid, cloudy, prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May). Potential threats by nature are occasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area.

To reach someone in Panama dial +507 prior to a number. There are 537,100 installed telephones. And there are 5,677,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".pa". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 110V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Panamanian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Panama

Divided into four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side) with a blue five-pointed star in the center and plain red; the bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star in the center; the blue and red colors are those of the main political parties (Conservatives and Liberals respectively) and the white denotes peace between them; the blue star stands for the civic virtues of purity and honesty, the red star signifies authority and law.

National administrative regions of Panama

Historical background information

Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela - named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the subsequent decades. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were transferred to Panama by the end of 1999. In October 2006, Panamanians approved an ambitious plan (estimated to cost $5.3 billion) to expand the Canal. The project, which began in 2007 and could double the Canal's capacity, is expected to be completed in 2015.

Learn more on our Panamanian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.