Discover Norway in Europe

Norway with its capital Oslo is located in Europe (Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 324,221 square kilometres (slightly larger than New Mexico) with 4,644,000 citizens. Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmål and Norwegian Nynorsk are the languages spoken by people in Norway (consider regional differences). Finland, Russia and Sweden are bordering countries.

Norway s the westernmost, northernmost — and in fact the easternmost — of the three Scandinavian countries. Best known for the complex and deep fjords along its west coast, it stretches from the North Sea near Denmark and Scotland into the Arctic Ocean where it borders northern Finland and the northwestern tip of Russia. Norway is well known for its amazing and varied scenery. The fjords in the west of the country are long narrow inlets, flanked on either side by tall mountains where the sea penetrates far inland. The vast majority of the land is a rocky wilderness, and thus Norway has large, completely unpopulated areas, many of which have been converted to national parks. Even outside the national parks, much of the land is unspoiled nature.

Pictures from the Norwegian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Oslo is like. We have selected more pictures from Oslo on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Norway Tourism

P.O. Box 722
NO-0105 Oslo

Phone: +47 24 14 46 00
Phone: +47 24 14 46 01

The topography features glaciated with mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys, small, scattered plains, coastline deeply indented by fjords and arctic tundra in north. The average density of population is about 14 per km². The climate in Norway can be described as temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current with colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers, rainy year-round on west coast. Potential natural disasters are rockslides, avalanches.

To reach someone in Norway dial +47 prior to a number. There are 1,900,000 installed telephones. And there are 5,336,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".no".

Description of the flag of Norway

Red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors recall Norway's past political unions with Denmark (red and white) and Sweden (blue).

National administrative regions of Norway

Historical background information

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country''s extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

Demographic Information

Norway has 886 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 759 of this count (which is 86%). 261,620 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 6% of the total population). 10.9 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Norwegian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Norway

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Finland, Russia, Sweden
Capital: Oslo
Size 324,220 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 125,182 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than New Mexico
Population 4,644,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Krone, Currency Code: NOK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .no
Telephone Country Prefix +47
Mobile Phone Connections 5,336,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,900,000
Military Spendings 1.9% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 323,802 (sq km) 68

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 4,722,701 120
Population growth rate 0.33 (%) 166
Birth rate 10.80 (births/1,000 population) 177
Death rate 9.21 (deaths/1,000 population) 61
Net migration rate 1.68 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 47
Maternal mortality rate 7.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 168
Infant mortality rate 3.47 (deaths/1,000 live births) 211
Life expectancy at birth 80.44 (years) 27
Total fertility rate 1.77 (children born/woman) 159
Health expenditures 9.50 (% of GDP) 36
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 150
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 4,000 121
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 147
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.50 (%) 84
Education expenditures 7.30 (% of GDP) 21
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.6 (%) 116


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 281,700,000,000 46
GDP - real growth rate 3.00 (%) 111
GDP - per capita (PPP) 55,900 9
Labor force 2,645,000 109
Unemployment rate 3.10 (%) 25
Distribution of family income - Gini index 25 131
Investment (gross fixed) 21.40 (% of GDP) 79
Taxes and other revenues 56.5 (% of GDP) 11
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 15.20 (% of GDP) 5
Public debt 30.30 (% of GDP) 112
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.60 (%) 7
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 125
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.40 (%) 164
Stock of narrow money 149,400,000,000 26
Stock of broad money 309,200,000,000 30
Stock of domestic credit 694,200,000,000 22
Market value of publicly traded shares 250,900,000,000 30
Industrial production growth rate -4.30 (%) 161
Current account balance 76,100,000,000 7
Exports 162,700,000,000 31
Imports 86,780,000,000 38
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 49,400,000,000 39
Debt - external 659,100,000,000 21
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 192,500,000,000 25
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 197,500,000,000 23


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 122,200,000,000 (kWh) 30
Electricity - consumption 110,800,000,000 (kWh) 30
Electricity - exports 7,123,000,000 (kWh) 24
Electricity - imports 14,670,000,000 (kWh) 14
Electricity - installed generating capacity 30950000 (kW) 28
Electricity - from fossil fuels 2.6 (% of total installed capacity) 201
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 91.1 (% of total installed capacity) 11
Electricity - from other renewable sources 2.0 (% of total installed capacity) 58
Crude oil - production 1,998,000 (bbl/day) 15
Crude oil - exports 1,759,000 (bbl/day) 8
Crude oil - imports 19,960 (bbl/day) 70
Crude oil - proved reserves 5320000000 (bbl) 24
Refined petroleum products - production 324,000 (bbl/day) 41
Refined petroleum products - consumption 255,200 (bbl/day) 52
Refined petroleum products - exports 412,600 (bbl/day) 20
Refined petroleum products - imports 98,340 (bbl/day) 50
Natural gas - production 103,100,000,000 (cu m) 9
Natural gas - consumption 4,809,000,000 (cu m) 62
Natural gas - exports 98,300,000,000 (cu m) 4
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,007,000,000,000 (cu m) 19
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 41,800,000 (Mt) 68


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,529,000 66
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,700,000 100
Internet hosts 3,588,000 29
Internet users 4,431,000 53


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 98 60
Railways 4,169 (km) 39
Roadways 93,509 (km) 48
Waterways 1,577 (km) 52
Merchant marine 585 19


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.90 (% of GDP) 72

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.