Explore Norway in Europe

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Norway with its capital Oslo is located in Europe (Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 324,221 square kilometres (slightly larger than New Mexico) with 4,644,000 citizens. Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmål and Norwegian Nynorsk are the languages spoken by people in Norway (consider regional differences). Finland, Russia and Sweden are bordering countries.

Norway s the westernmost, northernmost — and in fact the easternmost — of the three Scandinavian countries. Best known for the complex and deep fjords along its west coast, it stretches from the North Sea near Denmark and Scotland into the Arctic Ocean where it borders northern Finland and the northwestern tip of Russia. Norway is well known for its amazing and varied scenery. The fjords in the west of the country are long narrow inlets, flanked on either side by tall mountains where the sea penetrates far inland. The vast majority of the land is a rocky wilderness, and thus Norway has large, completely unpopulated areas, many of which have been converted to national parks. Even outside the national parks, much of the land is unspoiled nature.


Pictures from the Norwegian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Oslo is like. We have selected more pictures from Oslo on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Norway Tourism

P.O. Box 722
NO-0105 Oslo

Phone: +47 24 14 46 00
Phone: +47 24 14 46 01

The topography features glaciated with mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys, small, scattered plains, coastline deeply indented by fjords and arctic tundra in north. The average density of population is about 14 per km². The climate in Norway can be described as temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current with colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers, rainy year-round on west coast. Potential natural disasters are rockslides, avalanches.

To reach someone in Norway dial +47 prior to a number. There are 1,900,000 installed telephones. And there are 5,336,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".no".

Learn more on our Norwegian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Norway

Red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors recall Norway's past political unions with Denmark (red and white) and Sweden (blue).

National administrative regions of Norway

Historical background information

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country''s extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

Learn more on our Norwegian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.