Explore Nigeria in Africa

Nigeria
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service suggests to reconsider your need to travel to this country. Take this advice seriously - check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Nigeria with its capital Abuja is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 923,769 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of California) with 138,283,000 citizens. English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Fulah are the official languages spoken in Nigeria (consider regional differences). Chad, Niger, Benin and Cameroon are bordering countries.

Nigeria is a country in equatorial West Africa. It is the continent's most populous nation. There are many types of traditional cuisine to enjoy. For example: afang soup, okra soup, owo soup and starch in the Niger Delta, plantain (fried, boiled, roasted), pepper soup, amala, eba, efo, pounded yam (iyan - Yoruba for pounded yam pronounce ee-yarn ), jollof rice, ground nut soup, ogbono soup, isi ewu (goat's head stew), egusi soup, suya (kebab), moin moin, ewedu, gbegiri soup (beans soup), edikangikong, ground-rice, puff-puff, chin chin, ikokore, owerri soup (ofe owerri), which is the most expensive African soup in Nigeria.

Advertising

Pictures from the Nigerian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Abuja is like. We have selected more pictures from Abuja on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The landscape features southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus and mountains in southeast, plains in north. The average density of population is about 150 per km². The climate in Nigeria can be described as varies with equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north. Potential threats by nature are periodic droughts or flooding.

To reach someone in Nigeria dial +234 prior to a number. There are 1,419,000 installed telephones. And there are 73,099,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ng". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Nigerian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Nigeria

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity.

National administrative regions of Nigeria

Historical background information

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country''s history.

Learn more on our Nigerian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.