Discover Nigeria in Africa

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Nigeria with its capital Abuja is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 923,769 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of California) with 138,283,000 citizens. English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Fulah are the official languages spoken in Nigeria (consider regional differences). Chad, Niger, Benin and Cameroon are bordering countries.

Nigeria is a country in equatorial West Africa. It is the continent's most populous nation. There are many types of traditional cuisine to enjoy. For example: afang soup, okra soup, owo soup and starch in the Niger Delta, plantain (fried, boiled, roasted), pepper soup, amala, eba, efo, pounded yam (iyan - Yoruba for pounded yam pronounce ee-yarn ), jollof rice, ground nut soup, ogbono soup, isi ewu (goat's head stew), egusi soup, suya (kebab), moin moin, ewedu, gbegiri soup (beans soup), edikangikong, ground-rice, puff-puff, chin chin, ikokore, owerri soup (ofe owerri), which is the most expensive African soup in Nigeria.

Pictures from the Nigerian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Abuja is like. We have selected more pictures from Abuja on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

The landscape features southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus and mountains in southeast, plains in north. The average density of population is about 150 per km². The climate in Nigeria can be described as varies with equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north. Potential threats by nature are periodic droughts or flooding.

To reach someone in Nigeria dial +234 prior to a number. There are 1,419,000 installed telephones. And there are 73,099,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ng". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Nigeria

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity.

National administrative regions of Nigeria

Historical background information

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country''s history.

Demographic Information

Nigeria has 95 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 60 of this count (which is 63%). 23,578,337 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 15% of the total population). 36.1 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Nigerian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Nigeria

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Chad, Niger, Benin, Cameroon
Capital: Abuja
Size 923,768 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 356,669 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than twice the size of California
Population 138,283,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Naira, Currency Code: NGN
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ng
Telephone Country Prefix +234
Mobile Phone Connections 73,099,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,419,000
Military Spendings 1.5% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 923,768 (sq km) 32

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 174,507,539 7
Population growth rate 2.54 (%) 28
Birth rate 38.78 (births/1,000 population) 13
Death rate 13.20 (deaths/1,000 population) 18
Net migration rate -0.22 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 118
Maternal mortality rate 630.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 10
Infant mortality rate 72.97 (deaths/1,000 live births) 15
Life expectancy at birth 52.46 (years) 211
Total fertility rate 5.31 (children born/woman) 13
Health expenditures 5.10 (% of GDP) 139
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.60 (%) 17
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3,300,000 2
HIV/AIDS - deaths 220,000 2
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.50 (%) 146
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 26.70 (%) 23


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 455,500,000,000 31
GDP - real growth rate 6.30 (%) 40
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,800 180
Labor force 53,830,000 11
Unemployment rate 23.90 (%) 171
Distribution of family income - Gini index 44 47
Investment (gross fixed) 18.80 (% of GDP) 112
Taxes and other revenues 8.7 (% of GDP) 211
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.00 (% of GDP) 109
Public debt 18.80 (% of GDP) 128
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 12.10 (%) 205
Central bank discount rate 6.00 (%) 61
Commercial bank prime lending rate 16.02 (%) 33
Stock of narrow money 40,660,000,000 51
Stock of broad money 80,100,000,000 57
Stock of domestic credit 95,200,000,000 53
Market value of publicly traded shares 50,880,000,000 51
Industrial production growth rate 2.50 (%) 104
Current account balance 6,158,000,000 29
Exports 97,460,000,000 41
Imports 70,580,000,000 43
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 42,800,000,000 44
Debt - external 10,100,000,000 96
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 85,730,000,000 43
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 11,230,000,000 52


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 18,820,000,000 (kWh) 75
Electricity - consumption 17,660,000,000 (kWh) 71
Electricity - installed generating capacity 5898000 (kW) 70
Electricity - from fossil fuels 67.1 (% of total installed capacity) 116
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 32.9 (% of total installed capacity) 66
Crude oil - production 2,525,000 (bbl/day) 13
Crude oil - exports 2,051,000 (bbl/day) 6
Crude oil - proved reserves 38500000000 (bbl) 11
Refined petroleum products - production 102,100 (bbl/day) 76
Refined petroleum products - consumption 271,600 (bbl/day) 47
Refined petroleum products - exports 15,470 (bbl/day) 79
Refined petroleum products - imports 133,400 (bbl/day) 42
Natural gas - production 29,000,000,000 (cu m) 30
Natural gas - consumption 4,970,000,000 (cu m) 61
Natural gas - exports 24,020,000,000 (cu m) 15
Natural gas - proved reserves 5,110,000,000,000 (cu m) 10
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 80,510,000 (Mt) 44


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 719,400 89
Telephones - mobile cellular 95,167,000 12
Internet hosts 1,234 169
Internet users 43,989,000 9


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 53 89
Railways 3,505 (km) 49
Roadways 193,200 (km) 25
Waterways 8,600 (km) 15
Merchant marine 89 54


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 140

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.