Explore Mozambique in Africa

Mozambique
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Mozambique with its capital Maputo is located in Africa (Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel). It covers some 801,591 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of California) with 21,284,000 citizens. Portuguese is the language commonly spoken by people in Mozambique. Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Swaziland, South Africa, Zambia and Malawi are bordering countries.

Mozambique is a country on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa. From the 2,436m Monte Binga peak to the stunning beaches along the coast, Mozambique is a country of contrasts. As well as some of the best colonial era architecture and relics to be found on the continent, Mozambique has also preserved its African cultural heritage, which can be experienced through art, music and food. Almost all of Mozambique falls within the tropics and as such, Mozambique features a mostly tropical climate.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The topography features mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west. The average density of population is about 27 per km². The climate in Mozambique can be described as tropical to subtropical. Potential natural disasters are severe droughts or devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces.

To reach someone in Mozambique dial +258 prior to a number. There are 82,400 installed telephones. And there are 5,971,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mz". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Mozambican Facts page.

Description of the flag of Mozambique

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book; green represents the riches of the land, white peace, black the African continent, yellow the country's minerals, and red the struggle for independence; the rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance, the hoe refers to the country's agriculture, the open book stresses the importance of education, and the star represents Marxism and internationalism.

National administrative regions of Mozambique

Historical background information

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between Frelimo and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. President GUEBUZA was reelected to a second term in October 2009. However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign. As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.

Learn more on our Mozambican Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.