Explore Mongolia in Asia

Mongolia
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Mongolia with its capital Ulan Bator is located in Asia (Northern Asia, between China and Russia). It covers some 1,565,001 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Alaska) with 2,996,000 citizens. Mongolian and Russian are the the languages spoken by people in Mongolia. It is charing borders with China and Russia.

Mongolia is a landlocked country located between China and Russia. It is a vast emptiness that links land and sky, and is one of the last few places on the planet where nomadic life is still a living tradition. Mongolia is home to the three manly sports: wrestling, horse racing, and archery, and these are same three sporting events that take place every year at the Naadam festival. Local Bonda Lake Camp in Khatgal village near Lake Khovsgol offers various nature and cultural featuring: fishing, hiking, winter tours, nomad visits, horse back riding, visiting reindeer herders and Darhad valley.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

State Administrative Building 14
Sambuu street-11
Ulaanbaatar-38 210628
Mongolia

Phone: +976 11 311102
Phone: +976 11 318492

The topography features vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest with Gobi Desert in south-central. The average density of population is about 2 per km². The climate in Mongolia can be described as desert with continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges). Potential natural disasters are dust storms or grassland and forest fires, drought, ", zud," or which being harsh winter conditions.

To reach someone in Mongolia dial +976 prior to a number. There are 188,900 installed telephones. And there are 2,249,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Mongolian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Mongolia

Three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol); blue represents the sky, red symbolizes progress and prosperity.

National administrative regions of Mongolia

Historical background information

The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a Communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols'' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-Communist Mongolian People''s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People''s Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

Learn more on our Mongolian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.