Explore Moldova in Europe

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Moldova with its capital Chişinău is located in Europe (Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania). It covers some 33,844 square kilometres (slightly larger than Maryland) with 4,324,000 citizens. Moldavian, Romanian, Russian, and Turkish are the languages spoken by people in Moldova (consider regional differences). It is charing borders with Romania and Ukraine.

Moldova is a small land-locked country in Eastern Europe, north of the Balkans, surrounded by Romania to the southwest, across the Prut river, and Ukraine to the northeast. The second biggest city in Moldova, Bălţi, merits a visit as well as the capital. Nice pedestrian zone around the central square. Check out the old part of the city. Ungheni is also one of the most beautiful cities in Moldova with a lot of nice places to see. Moldova is famous for its wines. With top rate wines at bargain prices, it is Moldova’s main tourism draw.


Pictures from the Moldovan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Chişinău is like. We have selected more pictures from Chişinău on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Mun. Chisinau
Bd. Stefan cel Mare, 180, bir. 901

Phone: +373 2 21 07 74
Phone: +373 2 23 26 26

The topography features rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea. The average density of population is about 128 per km². The climate in Moldova can be described as moderate winters, warm summers. Potential natural disasters are landslides.

To reach someone in Moldova dial +373 prior to a number. There are 1,139,000 installed telephones. And there are 2,785,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".md". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Moldovan Facts page.

Description of the flag of Moldova

Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized aurochs head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow; based on the color scheme of the flag of Romania - with which Moldova shares a history and culture - but Moldova's blue band is lighter; the reverse of the flag does not display any coat of arms
note: one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides - the others are Paraguay and Saudi Arabia.

National administrative regions of Moldova

Historical background information

Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru River supporting a Transnistrian separatist region composed of a Slavic majority population (mostly Ukrainians and Russians), but with a sizeable ethnic Moldovan minority. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition''s gain of a narrow majority in July parliamentary elections and the Communist Party''s (PCRM) subsequent inability to attract the three-fifths of parliamentary votes required to elect a president. Four Moldovan opposition parties formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AEI), which has acted as Moldova''s governing coalition since. Moldova experienced significant political uncertainty between 2009 and early 2012, holding three general elections and numerous presidential ballots in parliament, all of which failed to secure a president. Following November 2010 parliamentary elections, a reconstituted AEI-coalition consisting of three of the four original AEI parties formed a government, and in March 2012 was finally able to elect an independent as president.

Learn more on our Moldovan Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.