Discover Mexico in North America

Mexico with its capital Mexico City is located in North America (Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico). It covers some 1,972,551 square kilometres (slightly less than three times the size of Texas) with 109,955,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly spoken by people in Mexico. Guatemala, United States and Belize are bordering countries.

Mexico officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a country in North America, lying between the United States of America to the north, and Guatemala and Belize to the southeast. Mexico is one of the most popular tourist countries on earth. Much of the tourist industry is centered around the beach resorts as well as the altiplano in the central part of the country. Visiting the northern interior allows visitors to get off the beaten path a bit. American tourists tend to predominate on the Baja peninsula and the more modernized beach resorts (Cancún, Puerto Vallarta), while European tourists congregate around the smaller resort areas in the south like Playa del Carmen and colonial towns San Cristobal de las Casas.

Pictures from the Mexican capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Mexico City is like. We have selected more pictures from Mexico City on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Mexico Tourism

Oficina de Convenciones y Visitantes de Acapulco
Ave. Costera Miguel Aleman No.3111
Fracc. Costa Azul, Suites 204-205
Acapulco, GRO 39850

Phone: +52 7 484 8555
Phone: +52 7 484 8134

The topography features high, rugged mountains with low coastal plains, high plateaus and desert. The average density of population is about 56 per km². The climate in Mexico can be described as varying from tropical to desert. Potential natural disasters are tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts.

To reach someone in Mexico dial +52 prior to a number. There are 19,425,000 installed telephones. And there are 83,528,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mx". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 127V - 60Hz.

Description of the flag of Mexico

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; Mexico's coat of arms (an eagle with a snake in its beak perched on a cactus) is centered in the white band; green signifies hope, joy, and love; white represents peace and honesty; red stands for hardiness, bravery, strength, and valor; the coat of arms is derived from a legend that the wandering Aztec people were to settle at a location where they would see an eagle on a cactus eating a snake; the city they founded, Tenochtitlan, is now Mexico City
note: similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter, uses lighter shades of red and green, and does not have anything in its white band.

National administrative regions of Mexico

Historical background information

The site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations - including the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec - Mexico was conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th century. Administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain for three centuries, it achieved its independence early in the 19th century. The global financial crisis beginning in late 2008 caused a massive economic downturn the following year, although growth returned quickly in 2010. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely indigenous population in the impoverished southern states. The elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON, but the PRI regained the presidency in 2012. Since 2007, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations have engaged in bloody feuding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related homicides.

Demographic Information

Mexico has 18,926 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 12,155 of this count (which is 64%). 10,687,176 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 10% of the total population). 19.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Mexican Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Mexico

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: North America
Neighbours: Guatemala, United States, Belize
Capital: Mexico City
Size 1,972,550 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 761,606 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than three times the size of Texas
Population 109,955,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Peso, Currency Code: MXN
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .mx
Telephone Country Prefix +52
Mobile Phone Connections 83,528,000
Landline Phone Connections 19,425,000
Military Spendings 0.5% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 1,964,375 (sq km) 14

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 116,220,947 11
Population growth rate 1.07 (%) 108
Birth rate 18.61 (births/1,000 population) 103
Death rate 4.94 (deaths/1,000 population) 187
Net migration rate -2.99 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 176
Maternal mortality rate 50.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 108
Infant mortality rate 16.26 (deaths/1,000 live births) 103
Life expectancy at birth 76.86 (years) 72
Total fertility rate 2.25 (children born/woman) 99
Health expenditures 6.30 (% of GDP) 99
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 80
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 220,000 25
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 32.10 (%) 23
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.40 (%) 103
Education expenditures 5.30 (% of GDP) 63
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 9.8 (%) 107


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,788,000,000,000 12
GDP - real growth rate 3.90 (%) 83
GDP - per capita (PPP) 15,600 88
Labor force 50,700,000 12
Unemployment rate 5.00 (%) 47
Distribution of family income - Gini index 48 25
Investment (gross fixed) 21.50 (% of GDP) 77
Taxes and other revenues 23.5 (% of GDP) 133
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.70 (% of GDP) 104
Public debt 35.40 (% of GDP) 101
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.60 (%) 101
Central bank discount rate 4.50 (%) 80
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.92 (%) 159
Stock of narrow money 180,700,000,000 20
Stock of broad money 738,000,000,000 20
Stock of domestic credit 445,600,000,000 27
Market value of publicly traded shares 454,300,000,000 22
Industrial production growth rate 3.60 (%) 78
Current account balance -11,000,000,000 176
Exports 370,900,000,000 16
Imports 379,400,000,000 15
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 163,600,000,000 18
Debt - external 352,900,000,000 31
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 301,900,000,000 18
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 129,700,000,000 26


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 254,400,000,000 (kWh) 17
Electricity - consumption 203,800,000,000 (kWh) 19
Electricity - exports 1,320,000,000 (kWh) 50
Electricity - imports 624,500,000 (kWh) 71
Electricity - installed generating capacity 59330000 (kW) 15
Electricity - from fossil fuels 75.0 (% of total installed capacity) 101
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 2.3 (% of total installed capacity) 28
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 19.4 (% of total installed capacity) 92
Electricity - from other renewable sources 3.3 (% of total installed capacity) 45
Crude oil - production 2,934,000 (bbl/day) 9
Crude oil - exports 1,299,000 (bbl/day) 13
Crude oil - proved reserves 12170000000 (bbl) 19
Refined petroleum products - production 1,458,000 (bbl/day) 17
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,133,000 (bbl/day) 13
Refined petroleum products - exports 199,000 (bbl/day) 33
Refined petroleum products - imports 496,000 (bbl/day) 12
Natural gas - production 55,100,000,000 (cu m) 18
Natural gas - consumption 59,150,000,000 (cu m) 15
Natural gas - exports 13,000,000 (cu m) 49
Natural gas - imports 13,950,000,000 (cu m) 22
Natural gas - proved reserves 490,300,000,000 (cu m) 32
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 445,300,000 (Mt) 15


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 19,684,000 15
Telephones - mobile cellular 94,565,000 13
Internet hosts 16,233,000 9
Internet users 31,020,000 12


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 1,724 3
Railways 17,166 (km) 16
Roadways 366,095 (km) 17
Waterways 2,900 (km) 34
Merchant marine 52 70


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.50 (% of GDP) 161

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.