Explore Macedonia in Europe

Macedonia
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Macedonia with its capital Skopje is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, north of Greece). It covers some 25,334 square kilometres (slightly larger than Vermont) with 2,061,000 citizens. Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, and Serbian are the official languages spoken in Macedonia (consider regional differences). Albania, Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia are bordering countries.

Macedonia is a landlocked country in the Balkans. It is bordered by Serbia and the disputed region of Kosovo to the north, Albania to the west, Bulgaria to the east, and Greece to the south. Macedonia is covered by mountainous territory marked by deep basins and valleys. There are three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line, and the country bisected by the Vardar River. Macedonia is blessed with outstanding natural beauty. Do not miss a trip to one of the large lakes, Pelister Mountains, Shar Planina in the West, and the fascinating rolling hills and mountains of the East with its rice fields.

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Pictures from the Macedonian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Skopje is like. We have selected more pictures from Skopje on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The landscape features mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys with three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line and country bisected by the Vardar River. The average density of population is about 81 per km². The climate in Macedonia can be described as warm, dry summers and autumns with relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall. Potential threats by nature are high seismic risks.

To reach someone in Macedonia dial +389 prior to a number. There are 442,200 installed telephones. And there are 1,943,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mk". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Macedonian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Macedonia

A yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia.

National administrative regions of Macedonia

Historical background information

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state''s use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the United States and 133 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Some ethnic Albanians, angered by perceived political and economic inequities, launched an insurgency in 2001 that eventually won the support of the majority of Macedonia''s ethnic Albanian population and led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Fully implementing the Framework Agreement, maintaining momentum on democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development continue to be challenges for Macedonia, although progress has been made over the past several years.

Learn more on our Macedonian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.