Discover Macedonia in Europe

Macedonia with its capital Skopje is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, north of Greece). It covers some 25,334 square kilometres (slightly larger than Vermont) with 2,061,000 citizens. Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, and Serbian are the official languages spoken in Macedonia (consider regional differences). Albania, Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia are bordering countries.

Macedonia is a landlocked country in the Balkans. It is bordered by Serbia and the disputed region of Kosovo to the north, Albania to the west, Bulgaria to the east, and Greece to the south. Macedonia is covered by mountainous territory marked by deep basins and valleys. There are three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line, and the country bisected by the Vardar River. Macedonia is blessed with outstanding natural beauty. Do not miss a trip to one of the large lakes, Pelister Mountains, Shar Planina in the West, and the fascinating rolling hills and mountains of the East with its rice fields.

Pictures from the Macedonian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Skopje is like. We have selected more pictures from Skopje on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

The landscape features mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys with three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line and country bisected by the Vardar River. The average density of population is about 81 per km². The climate in Macedonia can be described as warm, dry summers and autumns with relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall. Potential threats by nature are high seismic risks.

To reach someone in Macedonia dial +389 prior to a number. There are 442,200 installed telephones. And there are 1,943,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mk". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Macedonia

A yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia.

National administrative regions of Macedonia

Historical background information

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state''s use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the United States and 133 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Some ethnic Albanians, angered by perceived political and economic inequities, launched an insurgency in 2001 that eventually won the support of the majority of Macedonia''s ethnic Albanian population and led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Fully implementing the Framework Agreement, maintaining momentum on democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development continue to be challenges for Macedonia, although progress has been made over the past several years.

Demographic Information

Macedonia has 22 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 20 of this count (which is 91%). 122,061 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 6% of the total population). 11.9 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Macedonian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Macedonia

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia
Capital: Skopje
Size 25,333 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 9,781 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Vermont
Population 2,061,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Denar, Currency Code: MKD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .mk
Telephone Country Prefix +389
Mobile Phone Connections 1,943,000
Landline Phone Connections 442,200
Military Spendings 6% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 25,713 (sq km) 150

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 2,087,171 145
Population growth rate 0.22 (%) 174
Birth rate 11.72 (births/1,000 population) 167
Death rate 9.00 (deaths/1,000 population) 66
Net migration rate -0.48 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 134
Maternal mortality rate 10.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 153
Infant mortality rate 8.11 (deaths/1,000 live births) 156
Life expectancy at birth 75.58 (years) 91
Total fertility rate 1.59 (children born/woman) 179
Health expenditures 7.10 (% of GDP) 79
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 145
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 200 158
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 142
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.10 (%) 92
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 1.80 (%) 120
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 55.3 (%) 4


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 22,220,000,000 126
GDP - real growth rate -0.30 (%) 188
GDP - per capita (PPP) 10,800 112
Labor force 940,600 144
Unemployment rate 31.30 (%) 183
Distribution of family income - Gini index 43 48
Investment (gross fixed) 26.70 (% of GDP) 36
Taxes and other revenues 29.8 (% of GDP) 94
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.80 (% of GDP) 131
Public debt 27.30 (% of GDP) 118
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.30 (%) 89
Central bank discount rate 4.00 (%) 94
Commercial bank prime lending rate 8.30 (%) 112
Stock of narrow money 1,413,000,000 137
Stock of broad money 5,709,000,000 124
Stock of domestic credit 4,681,000,000 118
Market value of publicly traded shares 2,495,000,000 94
Industrial production growth rate 4.00 (%) 73
Current account balance -323,000,000 84
Exports 4,002,000,000 123
Imports 6,511,000,000 117
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 2,891,000,000 108
Debt - external 6,807,000,000 106
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 4,284,000,000 87


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 5,810,000,000 (kWh) 112
Electricity - consumption 7,250,000,000 (kWh) 99
Electricity - exports 12,820,000 (kWh) 84
Electricity - imports 2,692,000,000 (kWh) 47
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1940000 (kW) 103
Electricity - from fossil fuels 65.7 (% of total installed capacity) 124
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 34.3 (% of total installed capacity) 63
Crude oil - imports 18,800 (bbl/day) 71
Refined petroleum products - production 21,280 (bbl/day) 96
Refined petroleum products - consumption 17,490 (bbl/day) 137
Refined petroleum products - exports 8,594 (bbl/day) 89
Refined petroleum products - imports 21,530 (bbl/day) 104
Natural gas - consumption 136,600,000 (cu m) 103
Natural gas - imports 136,600,000 (cu m) 71
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 8,231,000 (Mt) 108


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 422,100 104
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,213,000 137
Internet hosts 62,826 92
Internet users 1,057,000 97


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 14 151
Railways 699 (km) 100
Roadways 13,736 (km) 127


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 11

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.