Discover Kenya in Africa

Kenya with its capital Nairobi is located in Africa (Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean). It covers some 582,651 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of Nevada) with 37,953,000 citizens. English and Swahili (generic) are the official languages used in Kenya. Ethiopia, Tanzania, Sudan, Somalia and Uganda are bordering countries.

Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Its Indian Ocean coast lies between Somalia to the north east and Tanzania to the south. Watch a wildlife migration.Go for a game drive in many parks and reserves found in the country. If you are on a tight schedule take a game drive in the Nairobi National Park found less than 20 minutes drive from the Cental Business District. Major attractions, big cats including lions and leopards, buffallos, a variety of antelop species, baboons, monkeys amongs others.

Pictures from the Kenyan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Nairobi is like. We have selected more pictures from Nairobi on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Kenya Tourism

Kenya tourist Board
Kenya Re Towers, Ragati Road, Upper Hill
P.O. Box 30630 Nairobi

Phone: +254 2 724042
Phone: +254 2 724169

The topography features low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley with fertile plateau in west. The average density of population is about 65 per km². The climate in Kenya can be described as varying from tropical along coast to arid in interior. Potential natural disasters are recurring drought or flooding during rainy seasons.

To reach someone in Kenya dial +254 prior to a number. There are 664,100 installed telephones. And there are 19,365,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ke". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Kenya

Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large Maasai warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center; black symbolizes the majority population, red the blood shed in the struggle for freedom, green stands for natural wealth, and white for peace; the shield and crossed spears symbolize the defense of freedom.

National administrative regions of Kenya

Historical background information

Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred on March 4, 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, won the March elections in the first round by a close margin and was sworn into office on 9 April 2013.

Demographic Information

Kenya has 90 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 54 of this count (which is 60%). 6,659,261 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 17% of the total population). 35.1 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Kenyan Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Kenya

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Ethiopia, Tanzania, Sudan, Somalia, Uganda
Capital: Nairobi
Size 582,650 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 224,962 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Population 37,953,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Shilling, Currency Code: KES
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ke
Telephone Country Prefix +254
Mobile Phone Connections 19,365,000
Landline Phone Connections 664,100
Military Spendings 2.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 580,367 (sq km) 49

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 44,037,656 31
Population growth rate 2.27 (%) 39
Birth rate 30.08 (births/1,000 population) 43
Death rate 7.12 (deaths/1,000 population) 126
Net migration rate -0.23 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 119
Maternal mortality rate 360.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 29
Infant mortality rate 42.18 (deaths/1,000 live births) 51
Life expectancy at birth 63.29 (years) 180
Total fertility rate 3.76 (children born/woman) 43
Health expenditures 4.80 (% of GDP) 149
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 6.30 (%) 11
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,500,000 4
HIV/AIDS - deaths 80,000 6
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.20 (%) 171
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 16.40 (%) 47
Education expenditures 6.70 (% of GDP) 25


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 77,140,000,000 84
GDP - real growth rate 4.70 (%) 69
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,800 198
Labor force 18,890,000 31
Unemployment rate 40.00 (%) 187
Distribution of family income - Gini index 43 49
Investment (gross fixed) 21.90 (% of GDP) 75
Taxes and other revenues 17.9 (% of GDP) 178
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.70 (% of GDP) 153
Public debt 50.00 (% of GDP) 64
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 10.10 (%) 198
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.05 (%) 41
Stock of narrow money 9,279,000,000 79
Stock of broad money 21,230,000,000 85
Stock of domestic credit 20,030,000,000 84
Market value of publicly traded shares 14,460,000,000 67
Industrial production growth rate 3.10 (%) 87
Current account balance -3,948,000,000 158
Exports 5,942,000,000 106
Imports 14,390,000,000 89
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 5,396,000,000 88
Debt - external 9,526,000,000 99
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 3,018,000,000 90
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 320,000,000 82


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 6,573,000,000 (kWh) 106
Electricity - consumption 5,516,000,000 (kWh) 111
Electricity - exports 27,000,000 (kWh) 81
Electricity - imports 38,000,000 (kWh) 101
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1706000 (kW) 107
Electricity - from fossil fuels 43.3 (% of total installed capacity) 167
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 43.8 (% of total installed capacity) 50
Electricity - from other renewable sources 12.9 (% of total installed capacity) 16
Crude oil - imports 32,560 (bbl/day) 63
Refined petroleum products - production 30,960 (bbl/day) 92
Refined petroleum products - consumption 79,410 (bbl/day) 88
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,065 (bbl/day) 108
Refined petroleum products - imports 34,990 (bbl/day) 81
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 12,250,000 (Mt) 96


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 283,500 120
Telephones - mobile cellular 28,080,000 36
Internet hosts 71,018 88
Internet users 3,996,000 59


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 194 31
Railways 2,066 (km) 71
Roadways 160,886 (km) 30
Merchant marine 5 125


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.80 (% of GDP) 78

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.