Explore Kenya in Africa

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Kenya with its capital Nairobi is located in Africa (Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean). It covers some 582,651 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of Nevada) with 37,953,000 citizens. English and Swahili (generic) are the the official languages used in Kenya. Ethiopia, Tanzania, Sudan, Somalia and Uganda are bordering countries.

Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Its Indian Ocean coast lies between Somalia to the north east and Tanzania to the south. Watch a wildlife migration.Go for a game drive in many parks and reserves found in the country. If you are on a tight schedule take a game drive in the Nairobi National Park found less than 20 minutes drive from the Cental Business District. Major attractions, big cats including lions and leopards, buffallos, a variety of antelop species, baboons, monkeys amongs others.


Pictures from the Kenyan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Nairobi is like. We have selected more pictures from Nairobi on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Kenya Tourism

Kenya tourist Board
Kenya Re Towers, Ragati Road, Upper Hill
P.O. Box 30630 Nairobi

Phone: +254 2 724042
Phone: +254 2 724169

The topography features low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley with fertile plateau in west. The average density of population is about 65 per km². The climate in Kenya can be described as varying from tropical along coast to arid in interior. Potential natural disasters are recurring drought or flooding during rainy seasons.

To reach someone in Kenya dial +254 prior to a number. There are 664,100 installed telephones. And there are 19,365,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ke". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Kenyan Facts page.

Description of the flag of Kenya

Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large Maasai warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center; black symbolizes the majority population, red the blood shed in the struggle for freedom, green stands for natural wealth, and white for peace; the shield and crossed spears symbolize the defense of freedom.

National administrative regions of Kenya

Historical background information

Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred on March 4, 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, won the March elections in the first round by a close margin and was sworn into office on 9 April 2013.

Learn more on our Kenyan Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.