Discover Japan in Asia

Japan with its capital Edo is located in Asia (Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan). It covers some 377,836 square kilometres (slightly smaller than California) with 127,288,000 citizens. Japanese is the language commonly used in Japan.This country shares no land borders with another country.

Japan known as Nihon or Nippon in Japanese, is an island nation in East Asia.The Land of the Rising Sun is a country where the past meets the future. Japanese culture stretches back millennia, yet has also adopted (and created) the latest modern fashions and trends. Cities are as modern and high tech as anywhere else, but tumbledown wooden shacks can still be spotted next to glass fronted designer condominiums. On an average subway ride, you might see childishly cute character toys and incredibly violent pornography - sometimes enjoyed by the same passenger, at the same time!

Pictures from the Japanese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Edo is like. We have selected more pictures from Edo on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Japan Tourism

The landscape features mostly rugged and mountainous. The average density of population is about 337 per km². The climate in Japan can be described as varying from tropical in south to cool temperate in north. Potential threats by nature are many dormant and some active volcanoes or about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors but occasional severe earthquakes) every year, tsunamis or typhoons.

To reach someone in Japan dial +81 prior to a number. There are 44,364,000 installed telephones. And there are 114,917,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".jp". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 100V - 50/60Hz.

Description of the flag of Japan

White with a large red disk (representing the sun without rays) in the center.

National administrative regions of Japan

Historical background information

In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture. Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and an ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians hold actual decision-making power. Following three decades of unprecedented growth, Japan''s economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s, but the country remains a major economic power. In March 2011, Japan''s strongest-ever earthquake, and an accompanying tsunami, devastated the northeast part of Honshu island, killing thousands and damaging several nuclear power plants. The catastrophe hobbled the country''s economy and its energy infrastructure, and tested its ability to deal with humanitarian disasters.

Demographic Information

Japan has 51,552 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 44,527 of this count (which is 86%). 5,058,342 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 4% of the total population). 7.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Japanese Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Japan

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Asia
Capital: Edo
Size 377,835 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 145,883 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than California
Population 127,288,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Yen, Currency Code: JPY
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .jp
Telephone Country Prefix +81
Mobile Phone Connections 114,917,000
Landline Phone Connections 44,364,000
Military Spendings 0.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 377,915 (sq km) 62

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 127,253,075 10
Population growth rate -0.10 (%) 205
Birth rate 8.23 (births/1,000 population) 219
Death rate 9.27 (deaths/1,000 population) 60
Maternal mortality rate 5.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 173
Infant mortality rate 2.17 (deaths/1,000 live births) 223
Life expectancy at birth 84.19 (years) 3
Total fertility rate 1.39 (children born/woman) 208
Health expenditures 9.50 (% of GDP) 35
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 136
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 8,100 108
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 137
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 5.00 (%) 157
Education expenditures 3.80 (% of GDP) 121
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.0 (%) 119


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 4,704,000,000,000 5
GDP - real growth rate 2.00 (%) 137
GDP - per capita (PPP) 36,900 38
Labor force 65,020,000 9
Unemployment rate 4.40 (%) 38
Distribution of family income - Gini index 38 76
Investment (gross fixed) 21.10 (% of GDP) 82
Taxes and other revenues 33.9 (% of GDP) 68
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -9.10 (% of GDP) 203
Public debt 214.30 (% of GDP) 1
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.10 (%) 4
Central bank discount rate 0.30 (%) 140
Commercial bank prime lending rate 1.48 (%) 181
Stock of narrow money 6,305,000,000,000 1
Stock of broad money 13,120,000,000,000 2
Stock of domestic credit 16,990,000,000,000 3
Market value of publicly traded shares 3,541,000,000,000 3
Industrial production growth rate -3.50 (%) 160
Current account balance 84,700,000,000 4
Exports 792,900,000,000 5
Imports 856,900,000,000 5
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,351,000,000,000 2
Debt - external 3,024,000,000,000 6
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 202,800,000,000 23
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 864,600,000,000 9


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 936,200,000,000 (kWh) 6
Electricity - consumption 859,700,000,000 (kWh) 6
Electricity - installed generating capacity 284500000 (kW) 4
Electricity - from fossil fuels 63.9 (% of total installed capacity) 132
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 17.2 (% of total installed capacity) 14
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 7.7 (% of total installed capacity) 120
Electricity - from other renewable sources 2.3 (% of total installed capacity) 55
Crude oil - production 17,480 (bbl/day) 75
Crude oil - imports 3,384,000 (bbl/day) 4
Crude oil - proved reserves 44120000 (bbl) 81
Refined petroleum products - production 3,861,000 (bbl/day) 6
Refined petroleum products - consumption 4,464,000 (bbl/day) 5
Refined petroleum products - exports 366,800 (bbl/day) 22
Refined petroleum products - imports 949,800 (bbl/day) 7
Natural gas - production 3,276,000,000 (cu m) 54
Natural gas - consumption 112,600,000,000 (cu m) 7
Natural gas - imports 109,900,000,000 (cu m) 3
Natural gas - proved reserves 20,900,000,000 (cu m) 78
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,164,000,000 (Mt) 6


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 64,668,000 3
Telephones - mobile cellular 132,760,000 7
Internet hosts 64,453,000 2
Internet users 99,182,000 3


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 175 34
Railways 27,182 (km) 11
Roadways 1,210,251 (km) 5
Waterways 1,770 (km) 45
Merchant marine 684 16


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.00 (% of GDP) 124

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.