Explore Ivory Coast in Africa

Ivory Coast
Country Guide

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Ivory Coast with its capital Yamoussoukro is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 322,461 square kilometres (slightly larger than New Mexico) with 18,373,000 citizens. French is the language commonly used in Ivory Coast. Liberia, Ghana, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Mali are bordering countries.

The nation appears to be returning to a state of normalcy - however, ask your Government for detailled information on travel conditions.

Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is a country in West Africa. It has a southerly facing North Atlantic Ocean coast. Close ties to France since independence in 1966, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Côte d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the tropical African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil. . The coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible. Mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest. Most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region. Apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated. Inter-city travel in Côte d'Ivoire is usually more comfortable than travel in neighboring African countries. The roads are generally in good condition and the bus service is relatively modern. The down side is the very frequent military check-points which add hours to a trip. You should get a vaccine for Hepatitis A before coming. Still, even street foods are fairly clean. The UK's Foreign and Commonwealth office as well as the U.S. State Department advises against all travel to Côte d'Ivoire at this time.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The topography features mostly flat to undulating plains with mountains in northwest. The average density of population is about 57 per km². The climate in Ivory Coast can be described as tropical along coast, semiarid in far north with three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October). Potential natural disasters are coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors or during the rainy season torrential flooding being possible.

To reach someone in Ivory Coast dial +225 prior to a number. There are 282,100 installed telephones. And there are 13,346,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ci". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Ivoirian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Ivory Coast

Three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green; orange symbolizes the land (savannah) of the north and fertility, white stands for peace and unity, green represents the forests of the south and the hope for a bright future
note: similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design was based on the flag of France.

National administrative regions of Ivory Coast

Historical background information

Close ties to France following independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment all made Cote d''Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d''Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivorian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002 that developed into a rebellion and then a civil war. The war ended in 2003 with a cease fire that left the country divided with the rebels holding the north, the government the south, and peacekeeping forces a buffer zone between the two. In March 2007, President GBAGBO and former New Forces rebel leader Guillaume SORO signed an agreement in which SORO joined GBAGBO''s government as prime minister and the two agreed to reunite the country by dismantling the buffer zone, integrating rebel forces into the national armed forces, and holding elections. Difficulties in preparing electoral registers delayed balloting until 2010. In November 2010, Alassane Dramane OUATTARA won the presidential election over GBAGBO, but GBAGBO refused to hand over power, resulting in a five-month stand-off. In April 2011, after widespread fighting, GBAGBO was formally forced from office by armed OUATTARA supporters with the help of UN and French forces. Several thousand UN peacekeepers and several hundred French troops remain in Cote d''Ivoire to support the transition process. OUATTARA is focused on rebuilding the country''s infrastructure and military after the five months of post-electoral fighting and faces ongoing threats from GBAGBO supporters, many of whom have sought shelter in Ghana. GBAGBO is in The Hague awaiting trial for crimes against humanity.

Learn more on our Ivoirian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.