Discover India in Asia

India with its capital New Delhi is located in Asia (Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal). It covers some 3,287,591 square kilometres (slightly more than one-third the size of the US) with 1,147,995,000 citizens. English, Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Panjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskrit and Urdu are the official languages spoken in India (consider regional differences). China, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan, Pakistan and Bangladesh are bordering countries.

India is the largest country in the Indian subcontinent. Befitting its size and population, India's culture and heritage are a rich amalgam of the past and the present. India has a very rich and diverse mix of culture and tradition, dominated by religious and spiritual themes. India has 22 official languages and drinking alcohol can either be frowned upon or openly accepted, depending on the region and religion of the area within which you are drinking. There is no single unified Indian culture, and it's probably the only country where people of so many different origins, religious beliefs, languages and ethnic backgrounds coexist. India is big and has many outstanding landmarks and areas of outstanding beauty. If you really want to see all the worth visiting places in India, one tourist visa of six months can be argued to be considered enough. Allow considerable buffer time for any journey with a fixed deadline (eg. your flight back). Cannabis in its many forms is widely available throughout India, but they are all illegal in the vast majority of the country, and may mean years in jail! As a rule India is quite safe for foreigners, apart from instances of petty crime and theft common to any developing country.

Pictures from the Indian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: India Tourism

KFC Building
48 Church Street
Bangalore-560 001

Phone: +91 80 5585417

The topography features upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north. The average density of population is about 349 per km². The climate in India can be described as varying from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north. Potential natural disasters are droughts or flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains, severe thunderstorms or earthquakes.

To reach someone in India dial +91 prior to a number. There are 35,770,000 installed telephones. And there are 670,000,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".in". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of India

Three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top), white, and green, with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; saffron represents courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation; white signifies purity and truth; green stands for faith and fertility; the blue chakra symbolizes the wheel of life in movement and death in stagnation
note: similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band.

National administrative regions of India

Historical background information

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991 and a massive youthful population are driving India's emergence as a regional and global power.

Demographic Information

India has 2,282 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 1,575 of this count (which is 69%). 118,454,907 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 10% of the total population). 21.3 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Indian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of India

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: China, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Capital: New Delhi
Size 3,287,590 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,269,346 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than one-third the size of the US
Population 1,147,995,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Rupee, Currency Code: INR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .in
Telephone Country Prefix +91
Mobile Phone Connections 670,000,000
Landline Phone Connections 35,770,000
Military Spendings 2.5% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 3,287,263 (sq km) 7

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 1,220,800,359 2
Population growth rate 1.28 (%) 90
Birth rate 20.24 (births/1,000 population) 86
Death rate 7.39 (deaths/1,000 population) 117
Net migration rate -0.05 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 111
Maternal mortality rate 200.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 54
Infant mortality rate 44.60 (deaths/1,000 live births) 50
Life expectancy at birth 67.48 (years) 163
Total fertility rate 2.55 (children born/woman) 81
Health expenditures 4.10 (% of GDP) 164
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 85
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 2,400,000 3
HIV/AIDS - deaths 170,000 3
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 1.90 (%) 184
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 43.50 (%) 2
Education expenditures 3.30 (% of GDP) 131
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 10.2 (%) 106


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 4,761,000,000,000 4
GDP - real growth rate 6.50 (%) 34
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,900 168
Labor force 498,400,000 2
Unemployment rate 9.90 (%) 107
Distribution of family income - Gini index 37 78
Investment (gross fixed) 30.00 (% of GDP) 22
Taxes and other revenues 9.4 (% of GDP) 210
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.00 (% of GDP) 171
Public debt 51.90 (% of GDP) 61
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 9.20 (%) 197
Central bank discount rate 6.00 (%) 58
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.19 (%) 89
Stock of narrow money 342,300,000,000 16
Stock of broad money 1,451,000,000,000 14
Stock of domestic credit 1,402,000,000,000 15
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,616,000,000,000 9
Industrial production growth rate 4.80 (%) 65
Current account balance -80,150,000,000 192
Exports 309,100,000,000 18
Imports 500,300,000,000 9
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 287,200,000,000 11
Debt - external 376,300,000,000 29
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 256,600,000,000 20
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 121,300,000,000 28


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 880,000,000,000 (kWh) 7
Electricity - consumption 637,600,000,000 (kWh) 7
Electricity - exports 519,000,000 (kWh) 60
Electricity - imports 10,530,000,000 (kWh) 21
Electricity - installed generating capacity 189300000 (kW) 6
Electricity - from fossil fuels 69.9 (% of total installed capacity) 107
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 2.2 (% of total installed capacity) 29
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 20.9 (% of total installed capacity) 90
Electricity - from other renewable sources 7.0 (% of total installed capacity) 30
Crude oil - production 897,300 (bbl/day) 25
Crude oil - imports 2,768,000 (bbl/day) 5
Crude oil - proved reserves 8935000000 (bbl) 20
Refined petroleum products - production 3,226,000 (bbl/day) 7
Refined petroleum products - consumption 3,292,000 (bbl/day) 7
Refined petroleum products - exports 812,100 (bbl/day) 9
Refined petroleum products - imports 380,900 (bbl/day) 16
Natural gas - production 46,100,000,000 (cu m) 22
Natural gas - consumption 61,100,000,000 (cu m) 13
Natural gas - imports 12,150,000,000 (cu m) 24
Natural gas - proved reserves 1,154,000,000,000 (cu m) 25
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,696,000,000 (Mt) 4


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 32,685,000 10
Telephones - mobile cellular 893,862,000 2
Internet hosts 6,746,000 17
Internet users 61,338,000 6


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 352 22
Railways 63,974 (km) 4
Roadways 3,320,410 (km) 3
Waterways 14,500 (km) 9
Merchant marine 340 29


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.80 (% of GDP) 81

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.