Discover Guatemala in North America

Guatemala with its capital New Guatemala is located in North America (Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 108,891 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Tennessee) with 13,002,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly spoken by the majority in Guatemala. Mexico, Honduras, Belize and El Salvador are bordering countries.

Guatemala is a country in the Central America region of North America. It has borders to Mexico in the north/northwest, to Belize in the northeast, to Honduras in the southeast, to El Salvador in the south. Guatemala is rich in natural beauty and travel opportunities, it's a country that offers so much to those willing to step off the beaten track for a little while. Antigua Guatemala is often regarded as the travellers hub, a crumbling, picture-perfect central american town ringed by volcanoes. From here you can take a hike up Volcano Pacaya, take a bus to the bustling market of Chichicastenango, or simply sip some coffee in a street-side cafe and watch the world go by.

Pictures from the Guatemalan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Guatemala is like. We have selected more pictures from New Guatemala on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Guatemala Tourism

7a. Avenida 1-17, zona 4
Apartado Postal 1020-A

Phone: +50 2 331-4416

The terrain offers mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau. The average density of population is about 119 per km². The climate in Guatemala can be described as tropical with hot, humid in lowlands, cooler in highlands. Possible natural disasters include numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes or Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone in Guatemala dial +502 prior to a number. There are 1,413,000 installed telephones. And there are 17,308,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 120V - 60Hz.

Description of the flag of Guatemala

Three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands stand for the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and the sea and sky; the white band denotes peace and purity.

National administrative regions of Guatemala

Historical background information

The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 200,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees. In January 2012, Guatemala assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

Demographic Information

Guatemala has 50 persons having reached the age of 100 years. Girls make up for 37 of this count (which is 74%). 1,789,472 young citizens below the age of five (and make up for 13% of the total population). 27.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Guatemalan Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Guatemala

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: North America
Neighbours: Mexico, Honduras, Belize, El Salvador
Capital: New Guatemala
Size 108,890 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 42,043 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Tennessee
Population 13,002,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Quetzal, Currency Code: GTQ
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gt
Telephone Country Prefix +502
Mobile Phone Connections 17,308,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,413,000
Military Spendings 0.4% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 108,889 (sq km) 107

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 14,373,472 69
Population growth rate 1.91 (%) 59
Birth rate 25.99 (births/1,000 population) 52
Death rate 4.87 (deaths/1,000 population) 189
Net migration rate -2.04 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 162
Maternal mortality rate 120.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 64
Infant mortality rate 24.32 (deaths/1,000 live births) 78
Life expectancy at birth 71.46 (years) 144
Total fertility rate 3.08 (children born/woman) 54
Health expenditures 6.90 (% of GDP) 86
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.80 (%) 54
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 62,000 53
HIV/AIDS - deaths 2,600 49
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.20 (%) 100
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 13.00 (%) 57
Education expenditures 2.80 (% of GDP) 149
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 7.1 (%) 125


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 79,970,000,000 81
GDP - real growth rate 3.00 (%) 110
GDP - per capita (PPP) 5,300 156
Labor force 5,571,000 70
Unemployment rate 4.10 (%) 32
Distribution of family income - Gini index 55 10
Investment (gross fixed) 14.60 (% of GDP) 137
Taxes and other revenues 11.6 (% of GDP) 204
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.60 (% of GDP) 101
Public debt 29.90 (% of GDP) 116
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.00 (%) 111
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.43 (%) 60
Stock of narrow money 7,854,000,000 82
Stock of broad money 21,760,000,000 84
Stock of domestic credit 18,680,000,000 87
Industrial production growth rate 4.10 (%) 70
Current account balance -2,039,000,000 137
Exports 9,864,000,000 95
Imports 15,570,000,000 86
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 6,311,000,000 83
Debt - external 16,170,000,000 85


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 8,146,000,000 (kWh) 99
Electricity - consumption 8,161,000,000 (kWh) 94
Electricity - exports 193,300,000 (kWh) 67
Electricity - imports 525,600,000 (kWh) 77
Electricity - installed generating capacity 2673000 (kW) 91
Electricity - from fossil fuels 58.2 (% of total installed capacity) 141
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 29.1 (% of total installed capacity) 79
Electricity - from other renewable sources 12.7 (% of total installed capacity) 19
Crude oil - production 10,000 (bbl/day) 81
Crude oil - exports 12,620 (bbl/day) 57
Crude oil - proved reserves 83070000 (bbl) 77
Refined petroleum products - production 1,132 (bbl/day) 114
Refined petroleum products - consumption 80,810 (bbl/day) 86
Refined petroleum products - exports 4,162 (bbl/day) 98
Refined petroleum products - imports 68,910 (bbl/day) 57
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,960,000,000 (cu m) 95
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 12,970,000 (Mt) 94


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,626,000 65
Telephones - mobile cellular 20,716,000 47
Internet hosts 357,552 60
Internet users 2,279,000 72


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 291 24
Railways 332 (km) 118
Roadways 14,095 (km) 124
Waterways 990 (km) 66


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.40 (% of GDP) 166

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.