Explore Guatemala in North America

Guatemala
Country Guide

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Guatemala with its capital New Guatemala is located in North America (Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 108,891 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Tennessee) with 13,002,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly spoken by the majority in Guatemala. Mexico, Honduras, Belize and El Salvador are bordering countries.

Guatemala is a country in the Central America region of North America. It has borders to Mexico in the north/northwest, to Belize in the northeast, to Honduras in the southeast, to El Salvador in the south. Guatemala is rich in natural beauty and travel opportunities, it's a country that offers so much to those willing to step off the beaten track for a little while. Antigua Guatemala is often regarded as the travellers hub, a crumbling, picture-perfect central american town ringed by volcanoes. From here you can take a hike up Volcano Pacaya, take a bus to the bustling market of Chichicastenango, or simply sip some coffee in a street-side cafe and watch the world go by.

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Pictures from the Guatemalan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Guatemala is like. We have selected more pictures from New Guatemala on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Guatemala Tourism

7a. Avenida 1-17, zona 4
Apartado Postal 1020-A
Guatemala

Phone: +50 2 331-4416

The terrain offers mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau. The average density of population is about 119 per km². The climate in Guatemala can be described as tropical with hot, humid in lowlands, cooler in highlands. Possible natural disasters include numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes or Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone in Guatemala dial +502 prior to a number. There are 1,413,000 installed telephones. And there are 17,308,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 120V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Guatemalan Facts page.

Description of the flag of Guatemala

Three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands stand for the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and the sea and sky; the white band denotes peace and purity.

National administrative regions of Guatemala

Historical background information

The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 200,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees. In January 2012, Guatemala assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

Learn more on our Guatemalan Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.