Salamina Sightseeing Guide

Salamina in Attica (region) with it's 26,964 citizens is a place in Greece - about 13 mi (or 21 km) West of Athens, the country's capital city. To learn more about Salamina in general, check the Salamina destination guide. These are some of the noteworthy things about this place.

Table of Content

Map of local sightseeing hints

The map features the more popular and well known points of interest from this area.

10 sightseeing spots quickly introduced

Distances are based on the centre of the city/town and sightseeing location. This list contains brief abstracts about monuments, holiday activities, national parcs, museums, organisations and more from the area as well as interesting facts about the region itself. Where available, you'll find the corresponding homepage. Otherwise the related wikipedia article.

Archaeological Museum of Eleusis

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 6 mi away.
More reading: Wikipedia Article

The Archeological Museum of Eleusis is a museum in Eleusis, Attica, Greece. The museum is located inside the archaeological site of Eleusis. Built in 1890, by the plans of the German architect Kaverau, to keep the findings of the excavations, and after two years (1892) was extended under the plans of the Greek architect J. Mousis. The most remarkable collection of objects dated from the 5th century BC, when the reputation of the temple had been panhellenic, and the number of believers who moved there in order to attend the ceremonies of the Eleusinian mysteries had been increased significantly. Many of the findings are associated with these ceremonies. The Votive piglet reminds the sacrifice of these animals for the purgation of the believers at Phaleron, which took place in some of the preparatory stages of the ceremonies, and the kernos, a ceremonial vessel which was used at the sacrifices and at the offerings made to the altars and the temples, during the return of the sacred symbols through the Holy Road from the Ancient Agora back again to the Sanctuary for the final initiation. Among the most important exhibits of the museum are included: the monumental Protoattic amphora from the middle of the 7th century BC, with the depiction of Medusa's beheading by Perseus, the famous "fleeing kore" from the archaic period, that probably comes from the architectural design of the Sacred House, the large headless statue of the goddess Demeter, probably the work of Agorakrito's school - a student of Pheidias-, and the Caryatid from the roof of the small Propylaea, bringing on her head the ciste, the container holding the sacred articles of the ceremony, with a relief appearance of the symbols of the Eleusinian cult, which are: the ear of grain, the poppies, the rozetes and the kernos. The two most important findings of Eleusis have been transferred to the National Archaeological Museum of Athens and at the Museum of Eleusis exist only their copies. The first is the relief of the 5th century BC, height 2.20 m, showing Demeter, the Kore and the King of Eleusis Triptolemos, who is preparing to teach agriculture to the world, according to the instructions of the goddess. The second is the clay table known as the Ninnion Tablet with a gable, dedicated by Ninnion, from the 4th century BC, with scenes from the ceremonies at the temple of Demeter, which its significance consists in the information that provides on the strict secret rituals of the Eleusinian mysteries. In addition, the museum houses a full collection of pottery, dating from Middle Helladic Era (2000 or 1950-1580 BC) to the early Christian times, written tables, metal items, inscriptions and reliefs, including the important votive relief of Rheitoi, with Demeter, the Kore, Athena and an Eleusinian man, which at the bottom has instructions for bridging the lake of Rheitoi (Koumoundourou lake).

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • Archaeological museums in Greece
  • Eleusinian Mysteries
  • Museums established in 1890
  • Museums in Attica

Aspropyrgos Refinery

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 7 mi away.
More reading: Aspropyrgos Refinery homepage

The Aspropyrgos Refinery is an oil refining complex located near Aspropyrgos, a suburb of Athens, in Greece. It is operated by Hellenic Petroleum. The refinery has a nominal annual refining capacity of 7.5 million tons (135,000 barrels per day).

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • Oil refineries in Greece

Aspropyrgos railway station

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 10 mi away.
More reading: Wikipedia Article

Aspropyrgos Railway Station (Greek: Σιδηροδρομικός Σταθμός Ασπροπύργου, Sidirodromikos Stathmos Aspropyrgou) is a railway station in the municipality of Aspropyrgos, located northwest of Athens, Greece. The station is located north of the residential area. It opened on 18 July 2006 and is located near the planned Thriasian Plain freight yard owned by OSE. It has two platforms. It should not be confused with the older station on the Piraeus–Patras line that is located further south, inside the town of Aspropyrgos.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • Buildings and structures in Attica
  • Railway stations in Greece
  • West Attica

German submarine U-596

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 4 mi away.
More reading: Wikipedia Article

German submarine U-596 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for the Nazi German Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 4 January 1941 by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg as 'werk' 572, launched on 17 September 1941 and commissioned on 13 November under Kapitänleutnant Gunther Jahn. He was replaced on 28 July 1943 by Oberleutnant Victor-Whilhelm Noon who was superseded by Oblt. Hans Kolbus in July 1944. The boat's service began on 13 November 1941 with training as part of the 8th U-boat Flotilla. She was transferred to the 3rd flotilla on 1 July 1942 and moved on to the 29th flotilla on 19 November.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • 1941 ships
  • German Type VII submarines
  • U-boats commissioned in 1941
  • U-boats scuttled in 1944
  • World War II shipwrecks in the Mediterranean
  • World War II submarines of Germany

Hellenic Coast Guard

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 7 mi away.
More reading: Hellenic Coast Guard homepage

The Hellenic Coast Guard (Greek Λιμενικό Σώμα-Ελληνική Ακτοφυλακή - Limeniko Soma-Elliniki Aktofylaki - lit. "Harbor Corps-Hellenic Coast Guard") is the national coast guard of Greece. Like most other coast guards, it is a paramilitary organization that can support the Hellenic Navy in wartime, but resides under separate civilian control in times of peace. It was founded in 1919 by an Act of Parliament (N. 1753/1919) and the legal framework for its function was reformed in 1927. The current name is specified in Law 3022/2011.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • 1919 establishments in Greece
  • Hellenic Coast Guard

Hellenic Navy

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 7 mi away.
More reading: Hellenic Navy homepage

The Hellenic Navy (HN) (Greek: Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece, part of the Greek Armed Forces. The modern Greek navy has its roots in the naval forces of various Aegean Islands, which fought in the Greek War of Independence. During the periods of monarchy (1833–1924 and 1936–1973) it was known as the Royal Navy (Βασιλικόν Ναυτικόν, Vasilikón Naftikón, abbreviated ΒΝ). The total displacement of all the navy's vessels is approximately 150,000 tons. The motto of the Hellenic Navy is "Μέγα το της Θαλάσσης Κράτος" from Thucydides' account of Pericles' oration on the eve of the Peloponnesian War. This has been roughly translated as "Great is the country that controls the sea". The Hellenic Navy's emblem consists of an anchor in front of a crossed Christian cross and trident, with the cross symbolizing Greek Orthodoxy, and the trident symbolizing Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek mythology. Pericles' words are written across the top of the emblem. "The navy, as it represents a necessary weapon for Greece, should only be created for war and aim to victory. "—Greek Government (1866)

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • 1828 establishments in Greece
  • Hellenic Navy
  • Navies by country


Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 6 mi away.
More reading: Psyttaleia homepage

Psyttaleia is an uninhabited island in the Saronic Gulf a few miles off the coast of Piraeus, Greece. It covers an area of 0.375 square kilometers. The island currently houses the largest sewage treatment plant in Europe, with a projected daily maximum drying capacity of 750 tons of sewage. Administratively it is part of the Municipality of Piraeus.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • Battle of Salamis
  • Islands of Greece
  • Piraeus (regional unit)
  • Ports and harbours of Greece
  • Saronic Islands
  • Sewage treatment plants
  • Water supply and sanitation in Greece

SS Reina del Mar

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 3 mi away.
More reading: Wikipedia Article

Reina del Mar was a 13,824 GRT cruise ship which was built by Vickers-Armstrongs in 1950. She served with Furness Withy for fifteen years, then with a Bulgarian company for three years, renamed Varna. She spent much of the 1970s laid up, and was renamed Venus and then Riviera. In the early 1980s, she was renamed Reina del Mar and refitted for further use as a cruise ship but a fire gutted her, and she was scuttled on 1 June 1981 when a further fire broke out.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • 1950 ships
  • Cruise ships
  • Maritime incidents in 1981
  • Passenger ships of Bulgaria
  • Passenger ships of Greece
  • Passenger ships of the United Kingdom
  • Ship fires
  • Shipwrecks in the Mediterranean
  • Tyne-built ships

Salamis Bay

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 3 mi away.
More reading: Wikipedia Article

Salamis Bay is a bay in Greece that connects with the Saronic Gulf to the west. The total length is approximately 10 km long from north east to west and about 4 km wide from north to south. It begins from the northwesternmost tip down to Cape Petritis. Villages by the gulf include Aianteio (or Eantio). The mountains encircle the bay except for the open waters to the west. The road linking with places in the south of the island lie to the east and another further north.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • Bays of Greece
  • Bays of the Mediterranean
  • Geography of Attica
  • Salamis Island

Salamis Naval Base

Located at 37.96, 23.5 (Lat. / Lng.), less than 2 mi away.
More reading: Wikipedia Article

The Salamis Naval Base or Naval Dock Salamis is the largest naval base in Greece. It is located in the northeastern part of Salamis Island (Cape Arapis) and in Amphiali and Skaramanga. It is close to the major population centres of Athens and Piraeus. {{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:37|58|25|N|23|32|00|E| | |name=Salamis Naval Base, Area-1: }} {{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:37|59|35|N|23|33|56|E| | |name=Salamis Naval Base, Area-2: }} Most Hellenic Navy ships are based at Salamis, as well as many of its administrative, training and support services. The Naval Base employs approximately 10,000 naval and civilian personnel.

  • This attraction is classified as:
  • Buildings and structures in Attica
  • Hellenic Navy
  • Military installations of Greece
  • Navy bases
  • Salamis Island

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