Discover Gambia in Africa

Gambia with its capital Banjul is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal). It covers some 11,301 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Delaware) with 1,593,256 citizens. English, , , Wolof and Fulah are the official languages spoken in Gambia (consider regional differences). As an interesting fact, Senegal is the only bordering country.

Gambia is a country in West Africa and is the smallest country on the continent of Africa. It has a short North Atlantic Ocean coastline in the west and is surrounded by Senegal so that it is almost an enclave. The country occupies the navigable length of the Gambia River valley and surrounding hills. Gambia is becoming a popular vacation destination for Northern Europeans. Therefore, many charter and holiday operators offer reasonable airfare and accommodation if desired.

Pictures from the Gambian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Banjul is like. We have selected more pictures from Banjul on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

Official National Tourism Logo

The topography features flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills. The average density of population is about 141 per km². The climate in Gambia can be described as tropical with hot, rainy season (June to November), cooler, dry season (November to May). Potential natural disasters are drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years).

To reach someone in Gambia dial +220 prior to a number. There are 49,000 installed telephones. And there are 1,433,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gm". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Gambia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green; red stands for the sun and the savannah, blue represents the Gambia River, and green symbolizes forests and agriculture; the white stripes denote unity and peace.

National administrative regions of Gambia

Historical background information

The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.

Demographic Information

Gambia has 3 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 2 of this count (which is 67%). 299,243 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 16% of the total population). 37.3 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Gambian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Gambia

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Senegal
Capital: Banjul
Size 11,300 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 4,363 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Population 1,593,256

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dalasi, Currency Code: GMD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gm
Telephone Country Prefix +220
Mobile Phone Connections 1,433,000
Landline Phone Connections 49,000
Military Spendings 0.9% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 11,295 (sq km) 167

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 1,883,051 149
Population growth rate 2.29 (%) 37
Birth rate 32.59 (births/1,000 population) 33
Death rate 7.38 (deaths/1,000 population) 118
Net migration rate -2.34 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 167
Maternal mortality rate 360.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 28
Infant mortality rate 67.63 (deaths/1,000 live births) 20
Life expectancy at birth 64.09 (years) 176
Total fertility rate 3.98 (children born/woman) 41
Health expenditures 5.70 (% of GDP) 115
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2.00 (%) 29
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 18,000 80
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 72
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 7.90 (%) 138
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 15.80 (%) 49
Education expenditures 3.90 (% of GDP) 112


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 3,459,000,000 178
GDP - real growth rate 3.90 (%) 82
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,900 195
Labor force 777,100 149
Distribution of family income - Gini index 50 22
Investment (gross fixed) 26.60 (% of GDP) 37
Taxes and other revenues 22.5 (% of GDP) 139
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.50 (% of GDP) 165
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.20 (%) 164
Central bank discount rate 11.00 (%) 21
Commercial bank prime lending rate 28.00 (%) 6
Stock of narrow money 224,300,000 176
Stock of broad money 512,200,000 177
Stock of domestic credit 400,000,000 177
Industrial production growth rate 8.90 (%) 18
Current account balance -155,500,000 73
Exports 103,300,000 190
Imports 354,100,000 195
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 225,300,000 158
Debt - external 545,800,000 168


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 240,000,000 (kWh) 178
Electricity - consumption 223,200,000 (kWh) 183
Electricity - installed generating capacity 53000 (kW) 181
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 13
Refined petroleum products - consumption 3,181 (bbl/day) 179
Refined petroleum products - exports 42 (bbl/day) 121
Refined petroleum products - imports 2,913 (bbl/day) 169
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 291,000 (Mt) 189


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 50,400 163
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,400,000 147
Internet hosts 656 179
Internet users 130,100 150


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 1 216
Roadways 3,742 (km) 159
Waterways 390 (km) 89
Merchant marine 4 130


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.70 (% of GDP) 154

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.