Explore Gambia in Africa

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Gambia with its capital Banjul is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal). It covers some 11,301 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Delaware) with 1,593,256 citizens. English, , , Wolof and Fulah are the official languages spoken in Gambia (consider regional differences). Senegal is a bordering country.

Gambia is a country in West Africa and is the smallest country on the continent of Africa. It has a short North Atlantic Ocean coastline in the west and is surrounded by Senegal so that it is almost an enclave. The country occupies the navigable length of the Gambia River valley and surrounding hills. Gambia is becoming a popular vacation destination for Northern Europeans. Therefore, many charter and holiday operators offer reasonable airfare and accommodation if desired.


Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The topography features flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills. The average density of population is about 141 per km². The climate in Gambia can be described as tropical with hot, rainy season (June to November), cooler, dry season (November to May). Potential natural disasters are drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years).

To reach someone in Gambia dial +220 prior to a number. There are 49,000 installed telephones. And there are 1,433,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gm". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Gambian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Gambia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green; red stands for the sun and the savannah, blue represents the Gambia River, and green symbolizes forests and agriculture; the white stripes denote unity and peace.

National administrative regions of Gambia

Historical background information

The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.

Learn more on our Gambian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.