Explore Finland in Europe

Finland
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Finland with its capital Helsinki is located in Europe (Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea). It covers some 337,031 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Montana) with 5,244,000 citizens. Finnish and Swedish are the the languages spoken by people in Finland. Norway, Russia and Sweden are bordering countries.

Finland is in Northern Europe and has borders with Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and Sweden to the west. Not much is known about Finland's early history, with archaeologists still debating when and where a tribe of Finno-Ugric speakers cropped up. Roman historian Tacitus mentions a tribe primitive and savage Fenni in 100 AD and even the Vikings chose not to settle, trading and plundering along the coasts. Buffeted by its neighbors for centuries and absorbing influences from west, east and south, Finnish culture as a distinct identity was only born in the 19th century: we are not Swedes, and we do not wish to become Russian, so let us be Finns.

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Pictures from the Finnish capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Helsinki is like. We have selected more pictures from Helsinki on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Website: Finland Tourism

Matkailun Keskusyksikko
Toolonkatu 11, PL 625
00101 Helsinki
Finland

Phone: +358 9 417 6911
Phone: +358 9 4176 9333

The terrain offers mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills. The average density of population is about 16 per km². The climate in Finland can be described as cold temperate with potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Finland dial +358 prior to a number. There are 1,430,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,700,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".fi". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Finnish Facts page.

Description of the flag of Finland

White with a blue cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the blue represents the thousands of lakes scattered across the country, while the white is for the snow that covers the land in winter.

National administrative regions of Finland

Historical background information

Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It won its complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finland's modern welfare state are a high standard of education, equality promotion, and national social security system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.

Learn more on our Finnish Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.