Explore Equatorial Guinea in Africa

Equatorial Guinea
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Equatorial Guinea with its capital Malabo is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra). It covers some 28,052 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 562,000 citizens. Spanish and French are the the languages spoken by people in Equatorial Guinea. It is charing borders with Gabon and Cameroon.

Equatorial Guinea is a small country in West Africa, divided into two parts, the mainland and the islands. A former Spanish colony, it borders Cameroon and Gabon. This country is one of the largest oil producing countries in Sub-Sahara, behind Angola and Nigeria. Since the discovery, the country has flown into economic stardom, but this country remains one of the most corrupt countries in the world, and it is very common to see officials asking for bribes around the corners of the country.

Advertising

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The topography features coastal plains rise to interior hills with islands are volcanic. The average density of population is about 20 per km². The climate in Equatorial Guinea can be described as tropical with always hot, humid. Potential natural disasters are violent windstorms or flash floods.

To reach someone in Equatorial Guinea dial +240 prior to a number. There are 10,000 installed telephones. And there are 445,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gq". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Equatorial Guinean Facts page.

Description of the flag of Equatorial Guinea

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence.

National administrative regions of Equatorial Guinea

Historical background information

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, and 2008 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country''s economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population''s living standards have been slow to develop.

Learn more on our Equatorial Guinean Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.