Discover Equatorial Guinea in Africa

Equatorial Guinea with its capital Malabo is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra). It covers some 28,052 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 562,000 citizens. Spanish and French are the languages spoken by people in Equatorial Guinea. As an interesting fact, it is sharing borders with Gabon and Cameroon.

Equatorial Guinea is a small country in West Africa, divided into two parts, the mainland and the islands. A former Spanish colony, it borders Cameroon and Gabon. This country is one of the largest oil producing countries in Sub-Sahara, behind Angola and Nigeria. Since the discovery, the country has flown into economic stardom, but this country remains one of the most corrupt countries in the world, and it is very common to see officials asking for bribes around the corners of the country.

Pictures from the Equatorial Guinean capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Malabo is like. We have selected more pictures from Malabo on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

The topography features coastal plains rise to interior hills with islands are volcanic. The average density of population is about 20 per km². The climate in Equatorial Guinea can be described as tropical with always hot, humid. Potential natural disasters are violent windstorms or flash floods.

To reach someone in Equatorial Guinea dial +240 prior to a number. There are 10,000 installed telephones. And there are 445,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gq". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Equatorial Guinea

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence.

National administrative regions of Equatorial Guinea

Historical background information

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, and 2008 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country''s economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population''s living standards have been slow to develop.

Demographic Information

Equatorial Guinea has 15 senior citizens having at least the age of 95 years. Ladies make up for 10 of this count (which is 67%). 102,365 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 16% of the total population). 36 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Equatorial Guinean Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Equatorial Guinea

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Gabon, Cameroon
Capital: Malabo
Size 28,051 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,831 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
Population 562,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gq
Telephone Country Prefix +240
Mobile Phone Connections 445,000
Landline Phone Connections 10,000
Military Spendings 0.1% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 28,051 (sq km) 146

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 704,001 166
Population growth rate 2.58 (%) 24
Birth rate 34.35 (births/1,000 population) 29
Death rate 8.59 (deaths/1,000 population) 78
Maternal mortality rate 240.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 46
Infant mortality rate 73.12 (deaths/1,000 live births) 14
Life expectancy at birth 63.12 (years) 184
Total fertility rate 4.74 (children born/woman) 25
Health expenditures 4.50 (% of GDP) 151
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 5.00 (%) 15
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 20,000 76
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 71
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 10.60 (%) 129
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 10.60 (%) 67
Education expenditures 0.60 (% of GDP) 173


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 19,600,000,000 132
GDP - real growth rate 2.00 (%) 133
GDP - per capita (PPP) 26,400 59
Labor force 195,200 172
Unemployment rate 22.30 (%) 166
Investment (gross fixed) 44.60 (% of GDP) 5
Taxes and other revenues 59.4 (% of GDP) 7
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 3.40 (% of GDP) 18
Public debt 4.30 (% of GDP) 151
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.20 (%) 163
Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 88
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.00 (%) 47
Stock of narrow money 2,478,000,000 120
Stock of broad money 3,115,000,000 143
Stock of domestic credit 508,100,000 172
Industrial production growth rate 1.80 (%) 119
Current account balance 290,200,000 50
Exports 18,310,000,000 75
Imports 7,590,000,000 109
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 3,825,000,000 101
Debt - external 1,232,000,000 153


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 97,000,000 (kWh) 196
Electricity - consumption 90,210,000 (kWh) 197
Electricity - installed generating capacity 31000 (kW) 190
Electricity - from fossil fuels 96.8 (% of total installed capacity) 66
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 3.2 (% of total installed capacity) 130
Crude oil - production 302,500 (bbl/day) 35
Crude oil - exports 299,400 (bbl/day) 25
Crude oil - proved reserves 1100000000 (bbl) 40
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,588 (bbl/day) 195
Refined petroleum products - exports 25,670 (bbl/day) 71
Refined petroleum products - imports 4,561 (bbl/day) 161
Natural gas - production 6,740,000,000 (cu m) 49
Natural gas - consumption 1,580,000,000 (cu m) 82
Natural gas - exports 5,160,000,000 (cu m) 31
Natural gas - proved reserves 36,810,000,000 (cu m) 70
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 5,005,000 (Mt) 123


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 13,500 198
Telephones - mobile cellular 426,000 169
Internet hosts 7 228
Internet users 14,400 200


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 7 166
Roadways 2,880 (km) 168
Merchant marine 5 124


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.10 (% of GDP) 170

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.