Explore El Salvador in North America

El Salvador
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

El Salvador with its capital San Salvador is located in North America (Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 21,041 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Massachusetts) with 7,066,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly spoken by people in El Salvador. It is charing borders with Guatemala and Honduras.

El Salvador is a country in Central America and, geographically, is part of continental North America. El Salvador is gaining a reputation for having some of the best surfing in the world. Tourists from all over Central America are discovering the surfing meccas of La Libertad (near San Salvador), El Sunzal, El Zonte and El Cuco (near San Miguel ), transforming El Salvador into the fastest growing surf tourism hot-spot in Central America. The countryside of El Salvador is breathtaking, with volcanoes and mountains offering green adventurers exactly what they are looking for. Many of environmentally-oriented community-based organizations promote eco-tourism, and there are a number of beautiful and secluded beaches and forests scattered throughout the country.


Pictures from the Salvadoran capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what San Salvador is like. We have selected more pictures from San Salvador on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

The topography features mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau. The average density of population is about 336 per km². The climate in El Salvador can be described as tropical with rainy season (May to October), dry season (November to April), tropical on coast, temperate in uplands. Potential natural disasters are known as the Land of Volcanoes or frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity or extremely susceptible to hurricanes.

To reach someone in El Salvador dial +503 prior to a number. There are 1,099,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,566,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 900, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sv". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 115V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Salvadoran Facts page.

Description of the flag of El Salvador

Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water, as well as peace and prosperity
note: similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band.

National administrative regions of El Salvador

Historical background information

El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

Learn more on our Salvadoran Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.