Discover Egypt in Africa

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Egypt with its capital Cairo is located in Africa (Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 1,001,451 square kilometres (slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico) with 81,713,000 citizens. Arabic, English and French are the official languages spoken in Egypt (consider regional differences). Libya, Sudan and Israel are bordering countries.

Egypt is in north-eastern Africa. Egypt is perhaps best known as the home of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphs, mummies, and pyramids. It is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations world-wide. Tourist attractions include Roman and Greek monuments, Bibliotheca Alexandria, Qa'edbay's Castle, and Qasr El Montaza (El Montaza Palace). Egypt can be a fantastic place to sample a unique range of food: not too spicy and well-flavoured with herbs. There is a full range of accommodation options, from basic backpacker hostels to five-star resorts. Egypt is a predominanty Muslim nation and alcoholic drinks are religiously forbidden (haram) - though not legally. Egypt is generally a safe and friendly country to travel. Egyptians on the whole are very friendly - if you are in need of assistance they will generally try to help you as much as they are able. Pickpocketing is a problem in Egypt's bigger cities, particularly Cairo. Many locals opt not to carry wallets at all, instead keeping their money in a clip in their pocket. Egypt is largely a desert, an extension of the great Sahara that bands North Africa. Save for the thin strip of watered land along the Nile River, very little could survive here.

Pictures from the Egyptian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Cairo is like. We have selected more pictures from Cairo on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

Official National Tourism Logo

The topography features vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta. The average density of population is about 82 per km². The climate in Egypt can be described as desert with hot, dry summers with moderate winters. Potential natural disasters are periodic droughts or frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides, hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring, dust storms or sandstorms.

To reach someone in Egypt dial +20 prior to a number. There are 10,313,000 installed telephones. And there are 55,352,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".eg". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Egypt

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white)
note: similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars in the white band, Iraq, which has an Arabic inscription centered in the white band, and Yemen, which has a plain white band.

National administrative regions of Egypt

Historical background information

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt as an important world transportation hub. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt''s government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt''s population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure. Inspired by the 2010 Tunisian revolution, Egyptian opposition groups led demonstrations and labor strikes countrywide, culminating in President Hosni MUBARAK''s ouster. Egypt''s military assumed national leadership until a new parliament was in place in early 2012. The same year Muslim Brotherhood candidate, Mohammed MURSI, won the presidential election and a new constitution was affirmed.

Demographic Information

Egypt has 133 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 115 of this count (which is 86%). 9,589,252 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 12% of the total population). 25 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Egyptian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Egypt

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Libya, Sudan, Israel
Capital: Cairo
Size 1,001,450 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 386,662 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico
Population 81,713,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Pound, Currency Code: EGP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .eg
Telephone Country Prefix +20
Mobile Phone Connections 55,352,000
Landline Phone Connections 10,313,000
Military Spendings 3.4% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 1,001,450 (sq km) 30

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 85,294,388 15
Population growth rate 1.88 (%) 62
Birth rate 23.79 (births/1,000 population) 66
Death rate 4.79 (deaths/1,000 population) 193
Net migration rate -0.20 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 117
Maternal mortality rate 66.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 92
Infant mortality rate 23.30 (deaths/1,000 live births) 80
Life expectancy at birth 73.19 (years) 124
Total fertility rate 2.90 (children born/woman) 65
Health expenditures 4.70 (% of GDP) 150
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 125
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 11,000 94
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 94
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 33.10 (%) 17
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 6.80 (%) 77
Education expenditures 3.80 (% of GDP) 117
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 24.8 (%) 39


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 548,800,000,000 27
GDP - real growth rate 2.20 (%) 127
GDP - per capita (PPP) 6,700 143
Labor force 27,240,000 22
Unemployment rate 12.50 (%) 130
Distribution of family income - Gini index 34 90
Investment (gross fixed) 13.50 (% of GDP) 141
Taxes and other revenues 22.1 (% of GDP) 145
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -10.40 (% of GDP) 207
Public debt 85.00 (% of GDP) 21
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.50 (%) 189
Central bank discount rate 8.50 (%) 31
Commercial bank prime lending rate 11.03 (%) 76
Stock of narrow money 47,730,000,000 48
Stock of broad money 192,500,000,000 42
Stock of domestic credit 178,400,000,000 42
Market value of publicly traded shares 82,490,000,000 45
Industrial production growth rate 0.50 (%) 138
Current account balance -8,417,000,000 173
Exports 28,370,000,000 67
Imports 58,760,000,000 50
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 15,260,000,000 66
Debt - external 38,820,000,000 67
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 73,810,000,000 48
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 6,824,000,000 60


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 136,600,000,000 (kWh) 28
Electricity - consumption 115,800,000,000 (kWh) 28
Electricity - exports 1,118,000,000 (kWh) 54
Electricity - imports 183,000,000 (kWh) 89
Electricity - installed generating capacity 24670000 (kW) 34
Electricity - from fossil fuels 86.9 (% of total installed capacity) 84
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 11.4 (% of total installed capacity) 113
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1.7 (% of total installed capacity) 65
Crude oil - production 711,500 (bbl/day) 28
Crude oil - exports 86,720 (bbl/day) 40
Crude oil - imports 48,590 (bbl/day) 57
Crude oil - proved reserves 4450000000 (bbl) 28
Refined petroleum products - production 628,100 (bbl/day) 30
Refined petroleum products - consumption 816,300 (bbl/day) 24
Refined petroleum products - exports 91,680 (bbl/day) 44
Refined petroleum products - imports 114,600 (bbl/day) 45
Natural gas - production 61,330,000,000 (cu m) 16
Natural gas - consumption 46,160,000,000 (cu m) 19
Natural gas - exports 15,170,000,000 (cu m) 19
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,186,000,000,000 (cu m) 17
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 196,500,000 (Mt) 28


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 8,714,000 23
Telephones - mobile cellular 83,425,000 16
Internet hosts 200,430 71
Internet users 20,136,000 21


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 84 66
Railways 5,083 (km) 34
Roadways 65,050 (km) 69
Waterways 3,500 (km) 30
Merchant marine 67 62


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.20 (% of GDP) 62

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.