Discover Ecuador in South America

Ecuador with its capital Quito is located in South America (Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator). It covers some 283,561 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Nevada) with 13,927,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly used by the people in Ecuador. Interesting info it is sharing borders with Peru and Colombia.

Ecuador is a country in South America with a Pacific Ocean coastline and the world's highest active volcano (Cotopaxi). Intercity buses travel to almost everywhere in Ecuador. Many cities have a central bus terminal, known as the terminal terrestre. Quito is a great place to learn Spanish. Quite a few private Spanish academies exist. Quality varies greatly, so check reviews online and speak to current students before enrolling. Ecuador uses the U.S. dollar as its currency. Other types of currency are not readily accepted. Water from the tap is unsafe to drink. Even Ecuadorians generally only drink bottled (or boiled) water. Ecuador offers great opportunities for hiking and climbing, unfortunately, some travelers have been attacked and robbed in remote sections of well known climbs. Travelers are urged to avoid solo hikes and to go in a large group for safety reasons. You can always ask tourist police officers, police officers or in Tourist information center for the dangerous regions. Outside the major cities and tourist areas, malaria can be a problem along the coast during the rainy season.

Pictures from the Ecuadorian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Quito is like. We have selected more pictures from Quito on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Ecuador Tourism

Phone: +593 2 2507 559
Phone: +593 2 2229 330

The landscape features coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente). The average density of population is about 49 per km². The climate in Ecuador can be described as tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations with tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands. Potential threats by nature are frequent earthquakes or landslides, volcanic activity, floods or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Ecuador dial +593 prior to a number. There are 2,004,000 installed telephones. And there are 13,635,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ec". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 120V - 60Hz.

Description of the flag of Ecuador

Three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; the flag retains the three main colors of the banner of Gran Columbia, the South American republic that broke up in 1830; the yellow color represents sunshine, grain, and mineral wealth, blue the sky, sea, and rivers, and red the blood of patriots spilled in the struggle for freedom and justice
note: similar to the flag of Colombia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms.

National administrative regions of Ecuador

Historical background information

What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito - gained their independence between 1819 and 1822 and formed a federation known as Gran Colombia. When Quito withdrew in 1830, the traditional name was changed in favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 30 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period was marred by political instability. Protests in Quito contributed to the mid-term ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected Presidents. In late 2008, voters approved a new constitution, Ecuador''s 20th since gaining independence. General elections were held in February 2013, and voters re-elected President Rafael CORREA.

Demographic Information

Ecuador has 419 citizens over the age of 100 years. Women make up for 291 of this count (which is 69%). 1,488,439 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 10% of the total population). 20.3 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Ecuadorian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Ecuador

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Peru, Colombia
Capital: Quito
Size 283,560 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 109,483 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Nevada
Population 13,927,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ec
Telephone Country Prefix +593
Mobile Phone Connections 13,635,000
Landline Phone Connections 2,004,000
Military Spendings 0.9% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 283,561 (sq km) 74

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 15,439,429 67
Population growth rate 1.40 (%) 86
Birth rate 19.23 (births/1,000 population) 91
Death rate 5.03 (deaths/1,000 population) 183
Net migration rate -0.25 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 122
Maternal mortality rate 110.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 66
Infant mortality rate 18.48 (deaths/1,000 live births) 98
Life expectancy at birth 76.15 (years) 84
Total fertility rate 2.33 (children born/woman) 95
Health expenditures 8.10 (% of GDP) 57
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.40 (%) 73
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 37,000 63
HIV/AIDS - deaths 2,200 54
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.40 (%) 86
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 6.20 (%) 80
Education expenditures 4.90 (% of GDP) 79
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 14.1 (%) 91


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 155,800,000,000 61
GDP - real growth rate 5.00 (%) 67
GDP - per capita (PPP) 10,200 118
Labor force 6,779,000 64
Unemployment rate 4.10 (%) 33
Distribution of family income - Gini index 48 27
Investment (gross fixed) 24.60 (% of GDP) 56
Taxes and other revenues 19.6 (% of GDP) 167
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.20 (% of GDP) 162
Public debt 23.30 (% of GDP) 122
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.30 (%) 147
Central bank discount rate 8.68 (%) 30
Commercial bank prime lending rate 8.35 (%) 111
Stock of narrow money 7,701,000,000 86
Stock of broad money 26,550,000,000 78
Stock of domestic credit 22,400,000,000 80
Market value of publicly traded shares 5,263,000,000 83
Industrial production growth rate 10.10 (%) 11
Current account balance -1,387,000,000 122
Exports 23,770,000,000 72
Imports 24,670,000,000 68
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 2,482,000,000 117
Debt - external 15,480,000,000 86
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 13,110,000,000 80
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 6,330,000,000 62


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 21,840,000,000 (kWh) 70
Electricity - consumption 14,920,000,000 (kWh) 78
Electricity - exports 14,100,000 (kWh) 83
Electricity - imports 1,300,000,000 (kWh) 58
Electricity - installed generating capacity 4939000 (kW) 74
Electricity - from fossil fuels 56.2 (% of total installed capacity) 144
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 41.7 (% of total installed capacity) 53
Electricity - from other renewable sources 2.1 (% of total installed capacity) 57
Crude oil - production 504,000 (bbl/day) 30
Crude oil - exports 366,000 (bbl/day) 24
Crude oil - imports 154,000 (bbl/day) 41
Crude oil - proved reserves 6573000000 (bbl) 22
Refined petroleum products - production 198,700 (bbl/day) 57
Refined petroleum products - consumption 280,000 (bbl/day) 46
Refined petroleum products - exports 28,000 (bbl/day) 68
Refined petroleum products - imports 111,000 (bbl/day) 46
Natural gas - production 330,000,000 (cu m) 75
Natural gas - consumption 330,000,000 (cu m) 100
Natural gas - imports 25,000 (cu m) 76
Natural gas - proved reserves 7,985,000,000 (cu m) 82
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 24,430,000 (Mt) 79


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,211,000 56
Telephones - mobile cellular 15,333,000 54
Internet hosts 170,538 76
Internet users 3,352,000 64


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 431 20
Railways 965 (km) 90
Roadways 43,670 (km) 84
Waterways 1,500 (km) 53
Merchant marine 44 72


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.30 (% of GDP) 61

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.