Discover Djibouti in Africa

Djibouti with its capital Djibouti is located in Africa (Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea). It covers some 23,001 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Massachusetts) with 506,000 citizens. French, Arabic, Somali and Afar are the languages spoken by people in Djibouti (consider regional differences). Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia are bordering countries.

Djibouti is in East Africa with the Gulf of Aden to the east. Djibouti's climate is very hot, humid and arid, especially in the summer. The summer heat is moderated, however, by a sustained breeze in the coastal city of Djibouti. From October to April, the temperature is cooler, with occasional rain. Casual wear is widely acceptable, but visitors are reminded that Djibouti is a Muslim country and certain codes of behavior should be observed. Shorts are generally not appropriate outside of hotels, beaches, or sport activities. Visitors should be aware of the risk of banditry if traveling outside the capital city. Be aware that the HIV/AIDS rate is currently over 3% or 1 in 33 adults. Protect yourself. Something you should definitely see is Lac Assal. 150m below seal level, Lake Assal is the third lowest point on Earth. Expect a rough ride: the roads outside the capital are destroyed by the truck traffic between Djibouti and Ethiopia. The road passes within sight of the Devil's Island, and some impressive views. Also scuba diving is a great activity to pursue while beeing there. Underwater off the coast lie several reefs teaming with all sorts of life.

Pictures from the Djiboutian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Djibouti is like. We have selected more pictures from Djibouti on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Djibouti Tourism

The topography features coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains. The average density of population is about 22 per km². The climate in Djibouti can be described as desert with torrid, dry. Potential natural disasters are earthquakes or droughts or occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods.

To reach someone in Djibouti dial +253 prior to a number. There are 16,800 installed telephones. And there are 128,800 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".dj". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Djibouti

Two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center; blue stands for sea and sky and the Issa Somali people; green symbolizes earth and the Afar people; white represents peace; the red star recalls the struggle for independence and stands for unity.

National administrative regions of Djibouti

Historical background information

The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afar minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 with a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Somali Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multiparty presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH as president; he was reelected to a second term in 2005 and extended his tenure in office via a constitutional amendment, which allowed him to begin a third term in 2011. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the intersection of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and serves as an important shipping portal for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands and transshipments between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The government holds longstanding ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, and has strong ties with the United States. Djibouti hosts several thousand members of US armed services at US-run Camp Lemonnier.

Demographic Information

Djibouti has 1 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 0 of this count (which is 0%). 89,178 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 12% of the total population). 25.6 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Djiboutian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Djibouti

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
Capital: Djibouti
Size 23,000 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 8,880 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Population 506,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: DJF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .dj
Telephone Country Prefix +253
Mobile Phone Connections 128,800
Landline Phone Connections 16,800
Military Spendings 3.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 23,200 (sq km) 151

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 792,198 162
Population growth rate 2.26 (%) 40
Birth rate 24.50 (births/1,000 population) 60
Death rate 7.96 (deaths/1,000 population) 102
Net migration rate 6.04 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 19
Maternal mortality rate 200.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 53
Infant mortality rate 51.77 (deaths/1,000 live births) 40
Life expectancy at birth 61.99 (years) 187
Total fertility rate 2.55 (children born/woman) 80
Health expenditures 7.20 (% of GDP) 77
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2.50 (%) 27
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 14,000 87
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 70
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 9.40 (%) 134
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 29.60 (%) 15
Education expenditures 8.40 (% of GDP) 9


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,418,000,000 187
GDP - real growth rate 4.80 (%) 68
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,700 181
Labor force 351,700 161
Unemployment rate 59.00 (%) 196
Taxes and other revenues 35.9 (% of GDP) 62
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.20 (% of GDP) 64
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.30 (%) 120
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.61 (%) 82
Stock of narrow money 798,100,000 153
Stock of broad money 1,158,000,000 164
Stock of domestic credit 498,100,000 173
Current account balance 4,200,000 57
Exports 101,700,000 191
Imports 465,100,000 191
Debt - external 802,900,000 164
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 331,600,000 99


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 350,000,000 (kWh) 167
Electricity - consumption 325,500,000 (kWh) 171
Electricity - installed generating capacity 130000 (kW) 166
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 12
Refined petroleum products - consumption 12,460 (bbl/day) 150
Refined petroleum products - exports 19 (bbl/day) 123
Refined petroleum products - imports 7,987 (bbl/day) 135
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 2,352,000 (Mt) 148


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 18,400 193
Telephones - mobile cellular 193,000 181
Internet hosts 215 201
Internet users 25,900 185


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 13 153
Railways 100 (km) 126
Roadways 3,065 (km) 165


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.60 (% of GDP) 32

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.