Discover Cyprus in Europe

Cyprus with its capital Nicosia is located in Europe (Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 9,251 square kilometres (about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut) with 792,000 citizens. Greek, Modern (1453-), Turkish and English are the official languages spoken in Cyprus (consider regional differences). This has no land-based border with any other country.

Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. Public transportation in Cyprus has been revamped with all new buses in Nicosia. Still, most Cypriots drive by themselves. There are no railways in Cyprus. If you have any old Cypriot pounds lying around, the Central Bank of Cyprus in Nicosia will exchange them at a rate of CYP 0.585274 per €1 until 2017. There are countless hotels and hotel apartments of varying degrees of luxury within Cyprus. If you are considering an extended stay on the island, there are a number of educational courses that you can take. Popular options include Greek language courses and arts courses. Cyprus is a remarkably safe country, with very little violent crime. Cars and houses frequently go unlocked.

Pictures from the Cypriot capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Nicosia is like. We have selected more pictures from Nicosia on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Cyprus Tourism

The topography features central plain with mountains to north and south with scattered but significant plains along southern coast. The average density of population is about 86 per km². The climate in Cyprus can be described as temperate with Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters. Potential natural disasters are moderate earthquake activity or droughts.

To reach someone in Cyprus dial +357 prior to a number. There are 414,500 installed telephones. And there are 977,500 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".cy". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Cyprus

White with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities
note: the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" flag retains the white field of the Cyprus national flag but displays narrow horizontal red stripes positioned a small distance from the top and bottom edges between which are centered a red crescent and a red five-pointed star; the banner is modeled after the Turkish national flag but with the colors reversed.

National administrative regions of Cyprus

Historical background information

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reopen unification negotiations. In September 2008, the leaders of the two communities began discussions under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The talks are ongoing. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.

Demographic Information

Cyprus has 40 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 33 of this count (which is 83%). 59,373 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 5% of the total population). 11.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Cypriot Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Cyprus

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Capital: Nicosia
Size 9,250 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 3,571 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut
Population 792,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Pound, Currency Code: CYP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .cy
Telephone Country Prefix +357
Mobile Phone Connections 977,500
Landline Phone Connections 414,500
Military Spendings 3.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 9,251 (sq km) 171

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 1,155,403 160
Population growth rate 1.52 (%) 77
Birth rate 11.45 (births/1,000 population) 168
Death rate 6.52 (deaths/1,000 population) 149
Net migration rate 10.31 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 11
Maternal mortality rate 10.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 154
Infant mortality rate 8.82 (deaths/1,000 live births) 153
Life expectancy at birth 78.17 (years) 55
Total fertility rate 1.46 (children born/woman) 195
Health expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 106
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 124
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 139
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.50 (%) 53
Education expenditures 7.90 (% of GDP) 13
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 22.3 (%) 47


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 24,000,000,000 125
GDP - real growth rate -2.40 (%) 212
GDP - per capita (PPP) 27,500 57
Labor force 416,900 159
Unemployment rate 8.00 (%) 93
Distribution of family income - Gini index 29 118
Investment (gross fixed) 16.80 (% of GDP) 125
Taxes and other revenues 41.9 (% of GDP) 37
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.10 (% of GDP) 139
Public debt 80.90 (% of GDP) 27
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.40 (%) 90
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 120
Commercial bank prime lending rate 6.80 (%) 130
Stock of narrow money 14,730,000,000 67
Stock of broad money 56,250,000,000 66
Stock of domestic credit 51,190,000,000 64
Market value of publicly traded shares 6,834,000,000 78
Industrial production growth rate 0.70 (%) 137
Current account balance -1,963,000,000 135
Exports 1,889,000,000 144
Imports 7,716,000,000 108
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,207,000,000 130
Debt - external 106,500,000,000 46
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 29,380,000,000 61
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 13,620,000,000 51


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 4,887,000,000 (kWh) 120
Electricity - consumption 4,698,000,000 (kWh) 117
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1392000 (kW) 115
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 55
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.3 (% of total installed capacity) 86
Refined petroleum products - consumption 58,430 (bbl/day) 95
Refined petroleum products - imports 60,310 (bbl/day) 62
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 9,257,000 (Mt) 102


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 405,000 105
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,090,000 154
Internet hosts 252,013 67
Internet users 433,900 120


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 15 145
Roadways 14,671 (km) 122
Merchant marine 838 13


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.00 (% of GDP) 67

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.