Explore Croatia in Europe

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Croatia with its capital Zagreb is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea). It covers some 56,543 square kilometres (slightly smaller than West Virginia) with 4,491,000 citizens. Croatian and Serbian are the the languages spoken by people in Croatia. Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia are bordering countries.

Croatia is a country situated in the Balkans and in Central Europe. Northern Croatia has a temperate continental climate whereas the central and upland regions have a mountainous climate. The entire Adriatic coast has a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Croatia was the first country in Europe to start with the concept of commercial naturist resorts. According to some estimates about 15% of all tourists that visit the country are naturists or nudists (more than one million each year).


Pictures from the Croatian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Zagreb is like. We have selected more pictures from Zagreb on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Croatia Tourism

Iblerov trg 10/IV
10 000 Zagreb

Phone: +385 1 4699 333 4556 455
Phone: +385 1 4557 827

The topography features geographically diverse with flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands. The average density of population is about 79 per km². The climate in Croatia can be described as Mediterranean and continental with continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters, mild winters, dry summers along coast. Potential natural disasters are destructive earthquakes.

To reach someone in Croatia dial +385 prior to a number. There are 1,859,000 installed telephones. And there are 6,035,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hr". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Croatian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Croatia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue - the Pan-Slav colors - superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms; the coat of arms consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions, they are (from left to right): Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia
note: the Pan-Slav colors were inspired by the 19th-century flag of Russia.

National administrative regions of Croatia

Historical background information

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.

Learn more on our Croatian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.