Discover Croatia in Europe

Croatia with its capital Zagreb is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea). It covers some 56,543 square kilometres (slightly smaller than West Virginia) with 4,491,000 citizens. Croatian and Serbian are the languages spoken by people in Croatia. Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia are bordering countries.

Croatia is a country situated in the Balkans and in Central Europe. Northern Croatia has a temperate continental climate whereas the central and upland regions have a mountainous climate. The entire Adriatic coast has a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Croatia was the first country in Europe to start with the concept of commercial naturist resorts. According to some estimates about 15% of all tourists that visit the country are naturists or nudists (more than one million each year).

Pictures from the Croatian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Zagreb is like. We have selected more pictures from Zagreb on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Croatia Tourism

Iblerov trg 10/IV
10 000 Zagreb

Phone: +385 1 4699 333 4556 455
Phone: +385 1 4557 827

The topography features geographically diverse with flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands. The average density of population is about 79 per km². The climate in Croatia can be described as Mediterranean and continental with continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters, mild winters, dry summers along coast. Potential natural disasters are destructive earthquakes.

To reach someone in Croatia dial +385 prior to a number. There are 1,859,000 installed telephones. And there are 6,035,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hr". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Croatia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue - the Pan-Slav colors - superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms; the coat of arms consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions, they are (from left to right): Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia
note: the Pan-Slav colors were inspired by the 19th-century flag of Russia.

National administrative regions of Croatia

Historical background information

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.

Demographic Information

Croatia has 1,369 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 1,065 of this count (which is 78%). 215,341 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 5% of the total population). 9.6 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Croatian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Croatia

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia
Capital: Zagreb
Size 56,542 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 21,831 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than West Virginia
Population 4,491,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Kuna, Currency Code: HRK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .hr
Telephone Country Prefix +385
Mobile Phone Connections 6,035,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,859,000
Military Spendings 2.39% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 56,594 (sq km) 127

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 4,475,611 124
Population growth rate -0.11 (%) 206
Birth rate 9.53 (births/1,000 population) 200
Death rate 12.06 (deaths/1,000 population) 28
Net migration rate 1.47 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 49
Maternal mortality rate 17.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 142
Infant mortality rate 5.96 (deaths/1,000 live births) 173
Life expectancy at birth 76.20 (years) 81
Total fertility rate 1.45 (children born/woman) 197
Health expenditures 7.80 (% of GDP) 65
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 133
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 144
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 134
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.20 (%) 66
Education expenditures 4.40 (% of GDP) 97
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 36.1 (%) 15


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 79,690,000,000 82
GDP - real growth rate -2.00 (%) 209
GDP - per capita (PPP) 18,100 76
Labor force 1,745,000 127
Unemployment rate 20.40 (%) 162
Distribution of family income - Gini index 32 105
Investment (gross fixed) 18.40 (% of GDP) 115
Taxes and other revenues 33.8 (% of GDP) 70
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.00 (% of GDP) 110
Public debt 52.10 (% of GDP) 60
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.70 (%) 135
Central bank discount rate 7.00 (%) 42
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.67 (%) 120
Stock of narrow money 9,330,000,000 78
Stock of broad money 43,470,000,000 70
Stock of domestic credit 51,860,000,000 63
Market value of publicly traded shares 22,440,000,000 61
Industrial production growth rate -5.30 (%) 163
Current account balance -560,000,000 98
Exports 12,340,000,000 87
Imports 20,760,000,000 76
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 14,890,000,000 67
Debt - external 59,750,000,000 56
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 34,270,000,000 58
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 6,074,000,000 63


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 9,281,000,000 (kWh) 97
Electricity - consumption 16,700,000,000 (kWh) 73
Electricity - exports 1,380,000,000 (kWh) 48
Electricity - imports 8,799,000,000 (kWh) 25
Electricity - installed generating capacity 4021000 (kW) 79
Electricity - from fossil fuels 47.2 (% of total installed capacity) 162
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 44.7 (% of total installed capacity) 48
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.8 (% of total installed capacity) 72
Crude oil - production 28,230 (bbl/day) 68
Crude oil - imports 53,620 (bbl/day) 55
Crude oil - proved reserves 2960000 (bbl) 97
Refined petroleum products - production 77,020 (bbl/day) 81
Refined petroleum products - consumption 74,410 (bbl/day) 90
Refined petroleum products - exports 33,870 (bbl/day) 66
Refined petroleum products - imports 31,250 (bbl/day) 87
Natural gas - production 1,850,000,000 (cu m) 58
Natural gas - consumption 2,755,000,000 (cu m) 77
Natural gas - exports 222,000,000 (cu m) 44
Natural gas - imports 1,127,000,000 (cu m) 58
Natural gas - proved reserves 24,920,000,000 (cu m) 75
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 21,460,000 (Mt) 81


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,761,000 63
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,115,000 103
Internet hosts 729,420 50
Internet users 2,234,000 73


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 69 75
Railways 2,722 (km) 60
Roadways 29,343 (km) 98
Waterways 785 (km) 74
Merchant marine 77 57


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 94

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.