Discover Brazil in South America

Brazil with its capital Brasília is located in South America (Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 8,511,966 square kilometres (slightly smaller than the US) with 191,908,000 citizens. Portuguese, Spanish, English and French are the languages commonly used by the people in Brazil (consider regional differences). Suriname, Peru, Bolivia, Uruguay, Guyana, Paraguay, French Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia and Argentina are bordering countries.

Brazil is the largest country in South America. Famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda. Owing to Brazil’s continental dimensions, varied geography, history and people, the country’s culture is rich and diverse. Music plays an important part in Brazilian identity. Styles like choro, samba and bossa nova are considered genuinely Brazilian. Brazil has many exciting cities, ranging from pretty colonial towns and coastal hideouts to hectic, lively metropolises. Brazil is a huge country with different climate zones. In the north, near the equator there is a wet and a dry season; from about Sao Paulo down to the south there is spring/summer/fall/winter. Brazil is one of a few countries that uses both 120 and 240 volts for everyday appliances. Expect the voltage to change back and forth as you travel from one place to the next -- even within the same Brazilian state, sometimes even within the same building. There is no physical difference in the electric outlets (power mains) for the two voltages.

Pictures from the Brazilian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Brasília is like. We have selected more pictures from Brasília on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Brazil Tourism

Phone: +55 21 259 61 65
Phone: +55 21 511 25 92

The landscape features mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north and some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt. The average density of population is about 23 per km². The climate in Brazil can be described as mostly tropical, but temperate in south. Potential threats by nature are recurring droughts in northeast or floods and occasional frost in south.

To reach someone in Brazil dial +55 prior to a number. There are 41,497,000 installed telephones. And there are 173,959,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".br". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 110/220V - 60Hz.

Description of the flag of Brazil

Green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress); the current flag was inspired by the banner of the former Empire of Brazil (1822-1889); on the imperial flag, the green represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow stood for the Habsburg Family of his wife; on the modern flag the green represents the forests of the country and the yellow rhombus its mineral wealth; the blue circle and stars, which replaced the coat of arms of the original flag, depict the sky over Rio de Janeiro on the morning of 15 November 1889 - the day the Republic of Brazil was declared; the number of stars has changed with the creation of new states and has risen from an original 21 to the current 27 (one for each state and the Federal District).

National administrative regions of Brazil

Historical background information

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than a half century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.

Demographic Information

Brazil has 1,967 citizens over the age of 100 years. Women make up for 1,598 of this count (which is 81%). 17,927,348 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 9% of the total population). 18.1 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Brazilian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Brazil

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Suriname, Peru, Bolivia, Uruguay, Guyana, Paraguay, French Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia, Argentina
Capital: Brasília
Size 8,511,965 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 3,286,488 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than the US
Population 191,908,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Real, Currency Code: BRL
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .br
Telephone Country Prefix +55
Mobile Phone Connections 173,959,000
Landline Phone Connections 41,497,000
Military Spendings 1.7% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 8,514,877 (sq km) 5

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 201,009,622 5
Population growth rate 0.83 (%) 132
Birth rate 14.97 (births/1,000 population) 132
Death rate 6.51 (deaths/1,000 population) 150
Net migration rate -0.17 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 115
Maternal mortality rate 56.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 104
Infant mortality rate 19.83 (deaths/1,000 live births) 93
Life expectancy at birth 73.02 (years) 127
Total fertility rate 1.81 (children born/woman) 153
Health expenditures 9.00 (% of GDP) 44
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 18.80 (%) 102
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 2.20 (%) 116
Education expenditures 5.60 (% of GDP) 53
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 17.8 (%) 70


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,394,000,000,000 8
GDP - real growth rate 0.90 (%) 164
GDP - per capita (PPP) 12,100 106
Labor force 107,100,000 6
Unemployment rate 6.20 (%) 62
Distribution of family income - Gini index 52 17
Investment (gross fixed) 18.90 (% of GDP) 111
Taxes and other revenues 38.0 (% of GDP) 52
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 2.70 (% of GDP) 20
Public debt 54.90 (% of GDP) 51
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.50 (%) 149
Central bank discount rate 11.00 (%) 22
Commercial bank prime lending rate 43.88 (%) 2
Stock of narrow money 158,300,000,000 24
Stock of broad money 1,878,000,000,000 10
Stock of domestic credit 2,537,000,000,000 11
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,546,000,000,000 10
Industrial production growth rate -0.30 (%) 150
Current account balance -65,130,000,000 191
Exports 242,000,000,000 25
Imports 238,800,000,000 22
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 371,100,000,000 7
Debt - external 440,600,000,000 27
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 595,900,000,000 13
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 176,700,000,000 24


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 489,500,000,000 (kWh) 11
Electricity - consumption 438,300,000,000 (kWh) 12
Electricity - exports 1,257,000,000 (kWh) 52
Electricity - imports 36,630,000,000 (kWh) 7
Electricity - installed generating capacity 106200000 (kW) 11
Electricity - from fossil fuels 17.1 (% of total installed capacity) 193
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 1.9 (% of total installed capacity) 31
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 74.7 (% of total installed capacity) 19
Electricity - from other renewable sources 6.3 (% of total installed capacity) 33
Crude oil - production 2,633,000 (bbl/day) 12
Crude oil - exports 533,200 (bbl/day) 21
Crude oil - imports 412,500 (bbl/day) 21
Crude oil - proved reserves 26000000000 (bbl) 13
Refined petroleum products - production 2,008,000 (bbl/day) 10
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,594,000 (bbl/day) 9
Refined petroleum products - exports 164,300 (bbl/day) 35
Refined petroleum products - imports 325,400 (bbl/day) 21
Natural gas - production 24,070,000,000 (cu m) 32
Natural gas - consumption 26,700,000,000 (cu m) 32
Natural gas - imports 12,600,000,000 (cu m) 23
Natural gas - proved reserves 416,900,000,000 (cu m) 34
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 453,900,000 (Mt) 14


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 43,026,000 6
Telephones - mobile cellular 244,358,000 5
Internet hosts 26,577,000 3
Internet users 75,982,000 4


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 4,105 2
Railways 28,538 (km) 10
Roadways 1,580,964 (km) 4
Waterways 50,000 (km) 3
Merchant marine 109 49


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.30 (% of GDP) 110

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.