Explore Azerbaijan in Asia

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Azerbaijan with its capital Baku is located in Asia (Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea). It covers some 86,601 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maine) with 8,177,000 citizens. Azerbaijani, Russian and Armenian are the languages spoken by people in Azerbaijan (consider regional differences). Georgia, Iran, Armenia, Turkey and Russia are bordering countries.

Azerbaijan is a Turkic state in the Caucasus of Southeastern Europe and Asia. It achieved independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Azerbaijan is known for having nine of the 11 existing ecological zones, although a great deal of it is dry and semiarid steppe. To enter Azerbaijan, an entry visa is required for most countries. If you are planning your visit from your home country, it is a good idea to try to get your visa from an Azerbaijani consulate. Buses, minibuses (marshrutka), and taxis connect most cities. There is often a hub such as a bus station near the bazaar in these cities. The fares for buses and minibuses are posted usually in both old and new manat(qupik). Keep in mind that import and export of manat (local currency) is strictly forbidden.


Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The topography features large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west with Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea. The average density of population is about 94 per km². The climate in Azerbaijan can be described as dry, semiarid steppe. Potential natural disasters are droughts.

To reach someone in Azerbaijan dial +994 prior to a number. There are 1,397,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,757,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".az". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Azerbaijani Facts page.

Description of the flag of Azerbaijan

Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), red, and green; a crescent and eight-pointed star in white are centered in the red band; the blue band recalls Azerbaijan's Turkic heritage, red stands for modernization and progress, and green refers to Islam; the crescent moon is an Islamic symbol, while the eight-pointed star represents the eight Turkic peoples of the world.

National administrative regions of Azerbaijan

Historical background information

Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Shia Muslim population - was briefly independent (from 1918 to 1920) following the collapse of the Russian Empire; it was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades. Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized in 1923 as an autonomous region within Soviet Azerbaijan after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. The OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by the United States, France, and Russia, is the framework established to mediate a peaceful resolution of the conflict. Corruption in the country is widespread, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism. Although the poverty rate has been reduced and infrastructure investment has increased substantially in recent years due to revenue from oil and gas production, reforms have not adequately addressed weaknesses in most government institutions, particularly in the education and health sectors. In January 2012, Azerbaijan assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

Learn more on our Azerbaijani Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.