Discover Angola in Africa

Angola with its capital Luanda is located in Africa (Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 1,246,701 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Texas) with 12,531,000 citizens. Portuguese is the language commonly spoken by people in Angola. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zambia and Republic of the Congo are bordering countries.

Angola is a country in Central Africa. Mussulo Island is a beautiful extension of land situated in the south of Luanda (the capital). It is famous for its natural beauty. Angolan cuisine is varied and tasty, with local dishes based mainly on fish, cassava products and spicy stews. Angolan seafood is abundant and very good, and the Angolan coast is a special place to eat fresh lobster right off the fisherman's boat. Traveling in Angola requires a minimum of knowledge of the Portuguese language. Also, due to the fact that lots of people migrate from neighbouring countries to Angola, it is sometimes possible to use French and Afrikaans. The official currency of Angola is the kwanza (AOA). It is prohibited to import or export any sum of kwanza, and attempting to do so will result in confiscation of the currency and penalties levied.

Pictures from the Angolan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Luanda is like. We have selected more pictures from Luanda on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Angola Tourism

The terrain offers narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau. The average density of population is about 10 per km². The climate in Angola can be described as semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda with north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April). Possible natural disasters include locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau.

To reach someone in Angola dial +244 prior to a number. There are 303,200 installed telephones. And there are 8,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ao". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Angola

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty, black the African continent, the symbols characterize workers and peasants.

National administrative regions of Angola

Historical background information

Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA''s insurgency and cemented the MPLA''s hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010; elections held in 2012 saw him installed as president.

Demographic Information

Angola has 3 persons having reached the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 1 of this count (which is 33%). 2,166,065 young citizens below the age of five (and make up for 17% of the total population). 43.3 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Angolan Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Angola

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zambia, Republic of the Congo
Capital: Luanda
Size 1,246,700 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 481,354 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Population 12,531,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Kwanza, Currency Code: AOA
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ao
Telephone Country Prefix +244
Mobile Phone Connections 8,109,000
Landline Phone Connections 303,200
Military Spendings 3.6% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 1,246,700 (sq km) 23

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 18,565,269 59
Population growth rate 2.78 (%) 18
Birth rate 39.16 (births/1,000 population) 10
Death rate 11.86 (deaths/1,000 population) 29
Net migration rate 0.49 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 66
Maternal mortality rate 450.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 24
Infant mortality rate 81.75 (deaths/1,000 live births) 8
Life expectancy at birth 54.95 (years) 203
Total fertility rate 5.49 (children born/woman) 10
Health expenditures 2.90 (% of GDP) 180
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2.00 (%) 30
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 200,000 27
HIV/AIDS - deaths 11,000 25
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.40 (%) 147
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 15.60 (%) 50
Education expenditures 3.50 (% of GDP) 127


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 130,400,000,000 66
GDP - real growth rate 8.40 (%) 14
GDP - per capita (PPP) 6,500 144
Labor force 8,468,000 56
Investment (gross fixed) 13.30 (% of GDP) 142
Taxes and other revenues 47.2 (% of GDP) 20
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 11.60 (% of GDP) 6
Public debt 17.10 (% of GDP) 135
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 10.30 (%) 200
Central bank discount rate 30.00 (%) 2
Commercial bank prime lending rate 18.76 (%) 21
Stock of narrow money 12,930,000,000 72
Stock of broad money 44,650,000,000 69
Stock of domestic credit 27,120,000,000 73
Industrial production growth rate 5.00 (%) 59
Current account balance 17,090,000,000 21
Exports 71,950,000,000 50
Imports 22,320,000,000 74
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 34,630,000,000 48
Debt - external 19,650,000,000 81
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 115,500,000,000 36
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 8,196,000,000 55


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 4,080,000,000 (kWh) 123
Electricity - consumption 3,659,000,000 (kWh) 125
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1155000 (kW) 121
Electricity - from fossil fuels 56.9 (% of total installed capacity) 143
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 43.1 (% of total installed capacity) 51
Crude oil - production 1,840,000 (bbl/day) 17
Crude oil - exports 1,757,000 (bbl/day) 9
Crude oil - proved reserves 15000000000 (bbl) 16
Refined petroleum products - production 37,310 (bbl/day) 89
Refined petroleum products - consumption 79,430 (bbl/day) 87
Refined petroleum products - exports 31,050 (bbl/day) 67
Refined petroleum products - imports 41,480 (bbl/day) 75
Natural gas - production 734,000,000 (cu m) 69
Natural gas - consumption 733,000,000 (cu m) 96
Natural gas - proved reserves 310,000,000,000 (cu m) 39
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 24,200,000 (Mt) 80


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 303,200 115
Telephones - mobile cellular 9,491,000 78
Internet hosts 20,703 116
Internet users 606,700 114


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 176 33
Railways 2,764 (km) 59
Roadways 51,429 (km) 77
Waterways 1,300 (km) 55
Merchant marine 7 123


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.00 (% of GDP) 40

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.