Discover Albania in Europe

Albania with its capital Tirana is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea). It covers some 28,749 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 3,619,000 citizens. Albanian, Greek and Modern (1453-) are the languages spoken by people in Albania (consider regional differences). Macedonia, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia are bordering countries.

Albania is a small country in the Balkans. The relative majority of the people in Albania are of Muslim heritage (70-80%), Albania also has a large number of religious minorities (mainly Albanian Orthodox and Roman Catholic-the largest Christian minorities in Europe along with Bosnia and Herzegovina). Traditional Albanian culture honors the role and person of the guest. In return for this place of honor, respect is expected from the guest. Albanians enjoy the long walks the city streets, drinking coffee, and among the younger generations, partaking in nightlife activities such as cafe lounging and dancing. It's an extremely poor country by European standards.

Pictures from the Albanian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Tirana is like. We have selected more pictures from Tirana on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

Official National Tourism Logo

The topography features mostly mountains and hills with small plains along coast. The average density of population is about 126 per km². The climate in Albania can be described as mild temperate with cool, cloudy, wet winters, hot, clear, dry summers, interior being cooler and wetter. Potential natural disasters are destructive earthquakes or tsunamis occur along southwestern coast, floods or drought.

To reach someone in Albania dial +355 prior to a number. There are 363,000 installed telephones. And there are 4,162,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".al". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Albania

Red with a black two-headed eagle in the center; the design is claimed to be that of 15th-century hero George Castriota SKANDERBEG, who led a successful uprising against the Turks that resulted in a short-lived independence for some Albanian regions (1443-78); an unsubstantiated explanation for the eagle symbol is the tradition that Albanians see themselves as descendants of the eagle; they refer to themselves as "Shkypetars," which translates as "sons of the eagle".

National administrative regions of Albania

Historical background information

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, each of Albania's post-Communist elections have been marred by claims of electoral fraud. The 2009 general elections resulted in a coalition government, the first such in the country''s history. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania''s economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

Demographic Information

Albania has 253 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 231 of this count (which is 91%). 268,702 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 7% of the total population). 15.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Albanian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Albania

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Macedonia, Greece, Montenegro, Serbia
Capital: Tirana
Size 28,748 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 11,100 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
Population 3,619,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Lek, Currency Code: ALL
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .al
Telephone Country Prefix +355
Mobile Phone Connections 4,162,000
Landline Phone Connections 363,000
Military Spendings 1.49% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 28,748 (sq km) 145

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 3,011,405 137
Population growth rate 0.29 (%) 168
Birth rate 12.57 (births/1,000 population) 158
Death rate 6.36 (deaths/1,000 population) 154
Net migration rate -3.32 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 179
Maternal mortality rate 27.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 127
Infant mortality rate 13.65 (deaths/1,000 live births) 123
Life expectancy at birth 77.77 (years) 60
Total fertility rate 1.49 (children born/woman) 190
Health expenditures 6.60 (% of GDP) 96
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.30 (%) 88
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 6.30 (%) 79
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 27.2 (%) 33


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 26,540,000,000 120
GDP - real growth rate 1.30 (%) 154
GDP - per capita (PPP) 8,200 131
Labor force 1,071,000 141
Unemployment rate 13.00 (%) 133
Distribution of family income - Gini index 35 89
Investment (gross fixed) 25.80 (% of GDP) 44
Taxes and other revenues 25.7 (% of GDP) 117
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.20 (% of GDP) 118
Public debt 60.60 (% of GDP) 47
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.00 (%) 33
Central bank discount rate 5.25 (%) 67
Commercial bank prime lending rate 12.43 (%) 66
Stock of narrow money 2,677,000,000 119
Stock of broad money 9,951,000,000 107
Stock of domestic credit 8,587,000,000 107
Industrial production growth rate 3.00 (%) 96
Current account balance -1,450,000,000 125
Exports 2,121,000,000 142
Imports 5,219,000,000 126
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 2,350,000,000 119
Debt - external 5,281,000,000 113


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 5,209,000,000 (kWh) 117
Electricity - consumption 4,521,000,000 (kWh) 119
Electricity - exports 1,906,000,000 (kWh) 42
Electricity - imports 1,005,000,000 (kWh) 65
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1610000 (kW) 111
Electricity - from fossil fuels 9.9 (% of total installed capacity) 195
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 90.1 (% of total installed capacity) 13
Crude oil - production 15,520 (bbl/day) 77
Crude oil - exports 6,920 (bbl/day) 60
Crude oil - proved reserves 199100000 (bbl) 62
Refined petroleum products - production 6,377 (bbl/day) 109
Refined petroleum products - consumption 38,390 (bbl/day) 111
Refined petroleum products - exports 915 (bbl/day) 112
Refined petroleum products - imports 24,610 (bbl/day) 95
Natural gas - production 30,000,000 (cu m) 87
Natural gas - consumption 30,000,000 (cu m) 111
Natural gas - proved reserves 849,500,000 (cu m) 102
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 4,893,000 (Mt) 124


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 338,800 111
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,100,000 127
Internet hosts 15,528 124
Internet users 1,300,000 91


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 5 178
Railways 339 (km) 117
Roadways 18,000 (km) 115
Waterways 41 (km) 104
Merchant marine 17 99


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.49 (% of GDP) 104

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.